PATHOLOGY: SKELETAL SYSTEM CH. 3 Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Medical Terminology > PATHOLOGY: SKELETAL SYSTEM CH. 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in PATHOLOGY: SKELETAL SYSTEM CH. 3 Deck (39):
1

ankylosis

loss of joint mobility caused by disease, injury, or surgery:
(ankyl/o means bent or stiff)

2

arthralgia

joint pain

3

arthritis

inflammatory condition of joints

4

arthrodynia

joint pain

5

arthropathy

joint disease

6

bursitis

inflammation of the bursa

7

chondromalacia

abnormal cartilage softening

8

chondropathy

cartilage disease

9

discospondylitis

inflammation of the intervertebral disc and vertebrae

10

epiphysitis

inflammation of the growth plate

11

exostosis

benign growth on the bone surface

12

gouty arthritis (gout)

joint inflammation associated with the formation of uric acid crystals in the joint
(seen more commonly in birds)

13

hip dysplasia

abnormal development of the pelvic joint causing the head of the femur and the acetabulum not to be aligned properly: most commonly seen in large breed dogs

14

intervertebral disc disease

rupture or protrusion of the cushioning disc found between the vertebrae that results in pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerve roots: also called herniated disc, ruptured disc, or IVDD

15

kyphosis

dorsal curvature of the spine: also called HUNCHBACK

16

legg-Calve-Perthes disease

idiopathic necrosis of the femoral head and neck of small breed dogs: also called avascular necrosis of the femoral head and neck

17

lordosis

position in which the vertebral column is abnormally curved ventrally: seen in cats in heat: commonly called SWAYBACK

18

luxation

dislocation or displacement of a bone from its joint.

19

myeloma

tumor composed of cells derived from hematopoietic tissues of bone marrow

20

ostealgia

bone pain

21

osteitis

inflammation of bone

22

Osteoarthritis/
Degenerative joint disease (DJD)

degenerative joint disease commonly associated with aging or wear and tear on the joints

23

Osteochondrosis

degeneration or necrosis of bone and cartilage followed by regeneration or recalcification

24

osteochondrosis dissecans

degeneration or necrosis of bone and cartilage followed by regeneration or recalcification with dissecting flap of articular cartilage and some inflammatory joint changes

25

Joint mice/
Osteophytes

Detached pieces of articular cartilage

26

osteomalacia

abnormal softening of bone

27

osteomyelitis

inflammation of bone and bone marrow

28

osteonecrosis

death of bone tissue

29

osteoporosis

abnormal condition of marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity

30

osteosclerosis

abnormal hardening of bone

31

periostitis

inflammation of the fibrous tissue that forms the outermost covering of bone

32

rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

autoimmune disorder of the connective tissues and joints

33

sequestrum

piece of dead bone that is partially or fully detached from the adjacent healthy bone

34

spondylitis

inflammation of the vertebrae

35

spondylosis

any degenerative disorder of the vertebrae

36

spondylosis deformans

chronic degeneration of the articular processes and the development of bony outgrowths around the ventral edge of the vertebrae

37

spur

bony projection growing out of a bone

38

subluxation

partial dislocation or displacement of a bone from its joint

39

synovitis

inflammation of the synovial membrane of joints

Decks in Veterinary Medical Terminology Class (72):