Function of Digestive systems Ch. 6 Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Medical Terminology > Function of Digestive systems Ch. 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Function of Digestive systems Ch. 6 Deck (46):
1

Digestive system
Alimentary system
Gastrointestinal system
GI system

all terms used to describe the body system that is a long, muscular tube beginning at the mouth and ending at the anus

2

aliment/o

the combining form for nourishment is aliment/o

3

oral cavity

contains the lips and cheeks, hard and soft palates, salivary glands, tongue, teeth, and periodentium.

4

or/o, stomat/o

combining forms that mean mouth

5

gnath/o

combining form for jaw. the maxilla and mandible are the bones that are the boundaries for the oral cavity

6

prognathia

an elongated mandible or a mandible that is overshot.

7

brachygnathia

a shortened mandible or a mandible that is undershot.

8

labia

medical term for lips

9

labium

term for a single lip

10

cheil/o, labi/o

the combining form for lips.

11

Bucc/o

the combining form for cheek. The cheeks form the walls within the oral cavity

12

buccal

means pertaining to or directed toward the cheek

13

palate

forms the roof of the mouth. the palate consists of two parts, the hard and soft pallates

14

Hard palate

forms the bony rostral portion of the palate that is covered with specialized mucous membrane.

15

Rugae

irregular folds in the mucous membrane

16

rug/o

combining form for wrinkle or fold.

17

Soft palate

Forms the flexible caudal portion of the palate. The soft palate is involved in closing off the nasal passage during swallowing so food does not move into the nostrils.

18

palat/o

combining form for palate

19

tongue

a movable muscular organ in the oral cavity used for tasting and processing food, grooming, and articulating sound.

20

Papillae

elevations in the dorsum of the tongue .

21

filiform

a term for threadlike

22

fungiform

a term for mushroom

23

vallate

a term for cup shaped

24

frenulum

a band of tissue that connects the tongue to the ventral surface of the oral cavity.

25

gloss/o, lingu/o

combining form for tongue

26

lingual surface

the side of the cheek adjacent to the tongue

27

dent/o, dent/i, odont/o

combining form for teeth

28

dentition

refers to teeth as a whole, that is, the teeth arranged in the maxillary (upper) and mandibular (lower) arcades.

29

Deciduous dentition

a term also known as the primary dentition, the temporary set of teeth that erupt in young animals and are replaced at or near maturity

30

decidu/o

combining form for shedding

31

permanent dentition

the set of teeth designed to last the lifetime of an animal.

32

retained deciduous tooth

a deciduous tooth that has not been shed and may have to be removed professionally.

33

Incisor

front tooth used for cutting; an incision is a cut; abbreviated I

34

Canine

long pointed bonelike tooth located between the incisors and premolars; also called fang and cuspid. Abbreviated C

35

premolar

cheek tooth found between the canine teeth and molars; also called bicuspids because they have two points. abbreviated P

36

molar

most caudally located permanent cheek tooth used for grinding; molar comes from the latin term to grind; abbreviated M

37

Dental formula

represents the type of tooth and the number of each tooth type found in the species of animal.

38

Enamel

the hard white substance covering the dentin of the crown of the tooth.

39

Cementum

the bonelike connective tissue that covers the root of the tooth.

40

Dentin

the connective tissue surrounding the tooth pulp.

41

Tooth pulp

consists of nerves, blood vessels, and loose connective tissue.

42

Apical foramen

the hole at the tip of the root where nerves and blood vessels enter the tooth

43

periodentia

the structures that support the teeth.

44

alveoli

sockets or saclike dilations that the teeth are situated in

45

alveolar bone

a thin layer of compact bone that forms the tooth socket. alveolar bone surrounds the roots and teeth.

46

periodontal ligament

the fibrous structure that holds the tooth in the alveolus

Decks in Veterinary Medical Terminology Class (72):