FRACTURE TERMINOLOGY CH. 3 Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Medical Terminology > FRACTURE TERMINOLOGY CH. 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in FRACTURE TERMINOLOGY CH. 3 Deck (22):
1

avulsion fracture

broken bone in which the site of muscle, tendon, or ligament insertion is detached by a forceful pull.

2

callus

bulging deposit around the area of a bone fracture that may eventually become bone.

3

closed fracture/
simple fracture

broken bone in which there is no open wound in the skin

4

comminuted fracture

broken bone that is splintered or crushed into multiple pieces

5

compression fracture

broken bone produced when the bones are pressed together (example: jumping from a height onto your leg)

6

crepitation/
crepitus

cracking sensation that is felt and heard when broken bones move together

7

displaced fracture

bone fracture parts are out of line

8

fracture

broken bone

9

greenstick fracture/
incomplete fracture

bone that is broken only on one side and the other side is bent (like when a stick on a live tree is snapped)

10

immobilization

act of holding, suturing, or fastening a bone in a fixed position, usually with a bandage or cast.

11

manipulation/
reduction

attempted realignment of the bone involved in a fracture or dislocation

12

oblique fracture

broken bone that has an angular break diagonal to the long axis.

13

open fracture/
compound fracture

broken bone in which there is an open wound in the skin

14

pathologic fracture

broken bone in an area of bone weakened by disease

15

malunion

when the two bony ends of the fracture fail to heal together

16

nonunion

total failure of fracture healing

17

Varus

abnormal bending in of a bone

18

Valgus

abnormal bending out of a bone (example: bowlegged)

19

physeal fracture

bone that is broken at the epiphyseal line or growth plate; these fractures are further categorized as SALTER-HARRIS I-V FRACTURES

20

spiral fracture

broken bone in which the bone is twisted apart or spiraled apart.

21

stress fracture

broken bone caused by repetitive, local stress on a bone

22

transverse fracture

broken bone that is broken at right angles to its axis or straight across the bone.

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