Terminology applied to bone Ch 3 Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Medical Terminology > Terminology applied to bone Ch 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology applied to bone Ch 3 Deck (19):
1

Cortical Bone (or Compact Bone)

Hard, dense, strong bone that forms the outer layer of the bone

2

Cancellous Bone (or Spongy Bones)

Lighter, less strong bone that is found in the ends and inner portions of the long bones

3

Epiphysis

Wide end of a long bone, which is covered with articular cartilage and is composed of cancellous bone

4

Proximal Epiphysis

Located nearest to the midline of the body

5

Distal Epiphysis

Located farthest away from the midline of the body

6

Diaphysis

Shaft of a long bone that is composed mainly of compact bone

7

Physis (Growth plate or epiphyseal cartilage)

Cartilage segment of a long bone that involves growth of the bone

8

Metaphysis

Wider part of long bone shaft located adjacent to the physis; in adult animals, it is considered part of the epiphysis

9

Periosteum

Tough, fibrous tissue that forms the outer covering of bone

10

Endosteum

Tough, fibrous tissue that forms the lining of the medullary cavity

11

Long bones

Bones consisting of a shaft, two ends, and a marrow cavity (example: femur)

12

Short Bones

Cube shaped bones with no marrow cavity (example: carpal bones)

13

Flat bones

Thin flat bones (example:pelvis)

14

Pneumatic Bones

Sinus-containing bones (example: frontal bone)

15

Irregular Bones

Unpaired Bones (example: vertebrae)

16

Sesamoid Bones

Small bones embedded in a tendon (example: patella) - the only exception is the distal sesamoid of a horse

17

Dia (skeletal term)

Between

18

Peri (skeletal term)

Surrounding

19

Physis (skeletal term)

Growth

Decks in Veterinary Medical Terminology Class (72):