'Cytes' Terms Ch 2 Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Medical Terminology > 'Cytes' Terms Ch 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 'Cytes' Terms Ch 2 Deck (18):
1

Cyt/o (combination form)

cell

2

Cytology

Study of cells

3

Protoplasm

cell membrane, cytoplasm and nucleus

4

plasm (suffix)

formative material of cells

5

prot/o

first

6

Cell membrane (Plasma membrane)

The structure lining the cell that protects the cell's contents and regulates what goes in and out of the cell.

7

Cytoplasm

The gelatinous material located in the cell membrane that is not part of the nucleus. (Highly organized and contains organelles suspended in it that are the functional machinery of the cell)

8

Nucleolus

Produces RNA that form ribosomes

9

Centrioles

Rod-shaped organelles that maintain cell shape and move chromosomes during cell replication

10

Mitochondria

Energy producers of the cell

11

Golgi apparatus

Chemical processor of the cell

12

Endoplasmic reticulum

Collection of folded membranes that may contain ribosomes, known as rough endoplasmic reticulum (synthesizes protein), or may be void of ribosomes, known as smooth endoplasmic reticulum (synthesizes lipids and some carbohydrates)

13

Ribosomes

Site of protein synthesis

14

Vacuoles

Small membrane-bound organelles containing water, food, or metabolic waste

15

Lysosomes

Digestive system of the cell

16

Nucleus

The structure in a cell that contains nucleoplasm, chromosomes, and the surrounding membrane

17

Nucleoplasm

The material in the nucleus

18

Chromosomes

The structures in the nucleus composed of DNA that transmits genetic information

Decks in Veterinary Medical Terminology Class (72):