Grouping things together Ch 2 Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Medical Terminology > Grouping things together Ch 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Grouping things together Ch 2 Deck (36):
1

Tissue

A group of specialized cells that is similar in the structure and function (4 types of tissue)

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Histology

The study of structure, composition and function of tissue

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Hist/o (combining form)

Tissue

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Epithelial Tissue (epithelium)

Covers internal and external body surfaces and is made up of tightly packed cells in a variety of arrangements (divided into 2 types)

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thel/o

nipple (in epithelial it means thin membrane)

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Mesothelium

The cellular covering that forms the lining of serious membranes , such as peritoneum

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Endothelium

The cellular covering that forms the lining of the internal organs, including the blood vessels

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Meso

Middle

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Connective Tissue

Adds support and structure to the body by holding the organs in place and binding body parts together (Examples: Bone, cartilage, dense connective tissue, loose connective tissue and blood)

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Adipose Tissue

Fat, a form of connective tissue

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Adip/o (combining form)

Fat

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Muscle Tissue

A tissue type that contains cell material with the specialized ability to contract and relax (Three types - skeletal, smooth and cardiac)

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Nervous Tissue

Tissue that contains cells with the specialized ability to react to stimuli and conduct electrical impulses

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Plasia

Used to describe formation, development and growth in the number of cells in an organ or tissue

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-Trophy (suffix)

The formation, development and growth in the size of an organ or a tissue or individual cells

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Anaplasia

Change in the structure of cell and their orientation to each other

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Aplasia

Lack of development of an organ or a tissue or a cell

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Dysplasia

Abnormal growth or development of an organ or a tissue or a cell

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Hyperplasia

Abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in an organ or a tissue

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Hypoplasia

Incomplete or less than normal development of an organ or tissue or cell

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Neoplasia

Any abnormal new growth of tissue in which multiplication of cells in uncontrolled, more rapid than normal, and progressive

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Tumor

Distinct mass of tissues (formed from neoplasms)

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Benign

Non recurring

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Malignant

Tending to spread and be life threatening

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-Oma

Tumor or neoplasm

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Atrophy

Decrease in size or complete wasting of an organ or tissue or cell

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Dystrophy

Defective growth in the size of an organ or tissue or cell

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Hypertrophy

Increase in the size of an organ or tissue or cell

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Neo

new

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Glands

Groups of specialized cells that secrete material used elsewhere in the body

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Aden/o (combining form)

glands

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Exocrine glands

Group of cells that secrete their chemical substances into the ducts that lead out of the body or to another organ (Examples: sweat glands, sebaceous glands and the portion of the pancreas that secretes digestive chemicals)

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Endocrine glands (ductless)

Groups of cells that secrete their chemical substances directly into the bloodstream, which transports them throughout the body (Examples: Thyroid gland, the pituitary gland and the portion of the pancreas that secretes insulin)

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Organ

Part of the body that performs a special function or functions

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Unilateral

Pertaining to one side

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Bilaterial

Pertaining to two sides

Decks in Veterinary Medical Terminology Class (72):