Chapter 4 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Part 1 Deck (46):
1

Examine tissue for disease

Pathologists

2

Covers body surface lines system and forms glands

Epithelial tissue

3

Protects supports and binds organs vascular has nerve supply except
Cartilage

Connective tissue

4

Generates forces moving body structures

Muscle tissue

5

Produces nerve impulses

Nervous tissue

6

Contact points between cells

Cell junctions

7

Fuse cells,sealing off passage between cells

Tight junction

8

Permit rapid communication between cells

Gap junction

9

Consists of packed cells arranged single or multiple layers

Epithelial tissue

10

Lack own blood vessels

Avoscular (epithelial tissue)

11

Receives nutrients from deep connective tissue-high rate of cell division for renewal and repair- apical(top) basal(bottom) surfaces of cells

Epithelial tissue

12

Attaches epithelium to connective tissue layer

Basement membrane (epithelial tissue)

13

Forms glands that release products

Glandular epithelium

14

Named by number of cell layers and cell shape

Covering and lining epithelium

15

Single layer of cells usually with same height

Simple epithelium

16

Single layer of tall and short cells

Pseudostratified epithelium

17

Multiple layers of cells that protect tissues from wear and tear

Stratified epithelium

18

Study of tissues

Histology

19

Flat cells

Squamous (cell shape)

20

Cube shaped cells

Cuboidal (cell shape)

21

Tall column shaped cells

Columner (cell shape)

22

Cell changes shape

Transitional (cell shape)

23

Single layer of flat cells

Simple squamous epithelium

24

Lines hear and blood vessels

Endothelium

25

Forms organ coverings

Mesathelium

26

Single layer of column shaped cells

Simple columnar epithelium

27

Lines uterine tubes and respiratory tract

Ciliated (simple columnar epithelium)

28

Consists of multiple cell layers and shape of cells at top determine name

Stratified epithelium

29

Consists of multiple layers of cells with flat cells at top

Stratified squamous epithelium

30

Forms top layer of skin

Keratinzed

31

Protects and waterproofs skin

Keratin

32

Stratified epithelium consisting of cells that change shape upon stretching -lines urinary system

Transitional epithelium

33

Releases hormones into blood

Endocrine glands

34

Releases materials into ducts types are named by method of secretion

Exocrine glands

35

Secrete apical portion

Aprocrine glands

36

Secrete entire cell-sebaceous (oil) glands

Holocrine glands

37

Secrete materials by exocytosis and are the most common; sweat and salivary

Merocrine glands

38

Ground substance; materials between cells and fibers permits the exchange of materials between blood and cells

Extracellular matrix

39

Strengthens tissues

Collagen fibers

40

Permits organs to return to original shape after being stretched

Elastic fibers

41

Secretes fibers and ground substance

Fibroblasts

42

Fat cells

Adipocytes

43

Produces histamine;vasodilator

Mast cells

44

Immune responses

White blood cells

45

Engulf debris by phagocytosis

Macrophages

46

Secrete antibodies for protection

Plasma cells