Chapter 5 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Chapter 5 Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Part 1 Deck (31):
1

Body surface assessments include observing skin changes such as

Texture,tone,temperature and tenderness

2

Includes the skin (cutaneous membrane)

Integumentary system

3

Fatty layer below skin

Hypodermis

4

Consists of stratified squamous Keratinzed epithelium

Epidermis

5

Contain keratin protein that waterproofs skin

Keratinocytes

6

Produce melanin; absorbs uv Rays and contributes to skin color

Melanocytes

7

Immune cells

Langerhans

8

Touch receptors

Merkel cells

9

Strata layers in order ((beach studs gather lawn chairs))

1.stratum basale
2.stratum spinosum
3.stratum granulosum
4.stratus lucidum
5. Stratus corenum

10

Deepest layer

Stratum basale

11

Most superficial layer

Stratum corenum

12

Best blood supply; contains stem(germ) cellls involved in mitosis ; formation of new cells

Stratum basale

13

Contains melan; Contains melanocytes and merkel cells

Stratum basale

14

Newly formed cells are listens to surface every 4 weeks by

Keratinization

15

Required if stratum basale is destroyed

Skin grafts

16

Consists of 8-10 rows of keratinocytes with thorn like spines

Statum spinosum

17

Consists of keratinocytes containing keratomyalin

Stratum granulosum

18

Only located in thick skin; palms and soles

Stratum lucidum

19

Most superficial;25-30 of dead keratinocytes; cells continuesly shed

Stratum corneum

20

Abnormally thickened stratum corneum

Callus

21

Deeper connective tissue portion of skin

Dermis

22

Dermis consists of

Papillary and reticular regions

23

Produces a darker skin color

Melanin

24

Inherited inability to produce melanin

Albinism

25

Individuals contain about the same # of melanocytes but different amount of melanin

Skin color pigments

26

Oxygen carrying pigment in blood

Hemoglobin

27

Produces reddish skin color

Increased blood flow

28

Produces blueish skin color

Decreased blood flow

29

Produces an orange skin color

Carotine

30

Superficial epithelial layer

Epidermis

31

Deeper connective tissue layer

Dermis