Chapter 4 Vocab 2nd Half Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Vocab 2nd Half Deck (26)
0

An optimal period shortly after birth when an organisms exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development

Critical period

1

The process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life

Imprinting

2

According to Erik Erikson a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy said to be formed during infancy by appropriate experiences with responsive caregivers

Basic trust

3

A sense of ones identity and personal worth

Self concept

4

The transition period from childhood to adulthood extending from puberty to independence

Adolescence

5

The period of sexual maturation during which a person becomes capable of reproducing

Puberty

6

The body structures (ovaries testes and external, genitalia) that make sexual reproduction possible

Primary sex traits

7

Nonreproductive sexual characteristics such as female breasts and hips male voice quality and body hair

Secondary sex traits

8

Described the development of moral reasoning

Lawrence Kohlberg

9

Before age 9 most children have a preconventional morality of self interest they obey either to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards

Preconventional morality

10

By early adolescence morality usually evolves to a more conventional level that cares for others and upholds laws and social rules simply because they are the laws and rules

Conventional morality

11

Some of those who develop the abstract reasoning of formal operational thought may come to a 3rd level

Postconventional morality

12

The first menstrual cycle

Menarche

13

Theories that contended that each stage of life has its own psychosocial task a crisis that needs resolution

Erik Erikson

14

Ones sense of self according to Erikson the adolescents task is to solidify a sense of self by testing and integrating various roles

Identity

15

In Eriksons theory the ability to form close loving relationships a primary development task in late adolescence and early childhood

Intimacy

16

The time of natural cessation of menstruation also refers to the biological changes of woman experience as her ability to reproduce declines

Menopause

17

A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized by gradual deterioration of memory reasoning language and finally functioning

Alzheimer's disease

18

Impose rules and expect obedience

Authoritarian parents

19

Submit to their children's desires make few demands and use little punishment

Permissive parenting

20

Are demanding and responsive they exert control not only by setting rules and enforcing them but also by explaining the reason

Authoritative parents

21

A study in which people of different ages are compared with one another

Cross sectional study

22

Research in which the same people are testified and retested over a long period

Longitudinal study

23

Ones accumulated knowledge and verbal skills tends to increase with age

Crystallized intelligence

24

One ability to reason speedily and abstractly tends to decrease during late adulthood

Fluid intelligence

25

The culturally preferred timing of social events such as marriage parenthood and retirement

Social clock