Chapter 15 Vocab 2nd Half Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Vocab 2nd Half Deck (23)
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Proposes that faith in ones worldview and the pursuit of self esteem provide protection against a deeply rooted fear of death

Terror management theory

1

Person, humanistic perspective did an experiment about what makes a self actualized adult

Abraham Maslow

2

According to Maslow the ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self esteem is achieved the motivation o fulfill ones potential

Self actualization

3

Believed that in order for self actualization to occur three conditions were required genuineness acceptance empathy

Carl Rodgers

4

According to Rodgers an attitude of total acceptance toward another person

Unconditional positive regard

5

All our thoughts and feelings about ourselves in answer to the question "who am I"

Self concept

6

A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act as assessed by self report inventories and peer reports

Traits

7

Came to define personality in terms of identifiable behavior patterns

Gordon Allport

8

The statistical procedure used to identify clusters of traits that go together

Factor analysis

9

Questionnaire on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors used to assess selected personality traits

Personality inventories

10

Most widely researched and clinically used of all personality test originally developed to identify emotional disorders

MMPI

11

A test (such as the MMPI) developed by testing a pool of items and than selecting those that discriminate between groups

Empirically derived

12

5 traits that have been identified as being present in all people CANOE (conscientiousness agreeableness neuroticism openness)

The big five

13

Views behavior as influences between personality and environmental factors

Reciprocal determinism

14

Our sense of controlling our environment rather than feeling helpless

Personal control

15

The perception that chance or outside forces beyond ones personal control determine ones fate

External locus of control

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The perception that one controls ones own fate

Internal locus of control

17

(Person) positive psychologist

Martian seligman

18

The hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated averse events

Learned helplessness

19

The study of optimal human functioning aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive

Positive psychology

20

Overestimating others noticing and evaluating our appearance performance and blunders as if we presume a spotlight shines on us

Spotlight effect

21

Ones feelings of high or low self worth

Self esteem

22

A readiness to perceive oneself favorably

Self serving bias