Chapter 11 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Vocab Deck (31)
0

Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience solve problems and use knowledge to adapt to new situations

Intelligence

1

Viewing an abstract immaterial concept as if it were a concrete thing

Reification

2

A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie ones total score

Factor analysis

3

Helped develop factor analysis believe there is also a general intelligence or G factors that underlies the various cluster

Charles Spearman

4

An intelligence factor that according to spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test

General intelligence

5

Rejected g-factor didn't rank his subjects on a single scale of general aptitude argued that factor analysis revealed seven independent mental abilities

L. L. Thurstone

6

Stated that people have specific intellectual potentials or intelligences each involving a set of problem solving skills

Howard Gardner

7

A condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill such as in computing or drawing

Savant syndrome

8

Triarchic theory distinguishes three intelligences analytical intelligence, creative intelligence, and practical intelligence

Robert Sternberg

9

The ability to perceive understand manage and use emotions

Emotional intelligence

10

To ability to produce novel and valuable ideas

Creativity

11

Method for assessing an individual's mental altitudes and comparing them with those of others using numerical scores

Intelligence test

12

Started the modern intelligence testing movement by developing questions that helped predict children's future progress in the Paris school system

Alfred Binet

13

Measure of intelligence test performance divided by Binet the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance

Mental age

14

Stanford university professor he revisited Binets original IQ test by establishing new age norms and extending the upper end of he tests range from teenagers to support adults

Lewis Terman

15

The widely used American revision of Binets original intelligence test

Stanford-Binet

16

Defined originally as the ration of mental age (ma) to the chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100 on contemporary tests the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100

Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

17

A test designed to predict a persons future performance aptitude is the capacity to learn

Aptitude test

18

A test designed to asses what a person has learned

Achievement test

19

Most widely used intelligence test contains verbal and performance subtests

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

20

The defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a protested standardization group

Standardization

21

Intelligence test performance has been improving

The Flynn Effect

22

The symmetrical bell shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes most scores fall near the average and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes

Normal curve

23

The extant to which a test yields consistent results as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test on alternate forms of the test or retesting

Reliability

24

The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to

Validity

25

The extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest

Content validity

26

The behavior that a test is designed to predict thus the measure used is defining whether the test has predictive validity

Criterion

27

The success with which test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior

Predictive validity

28

A condition of limited mental ability indicated by an IQ score of 70 or below and difficulty adapting to the demands of life varies from mild to profound

Mental retardation

29

A condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in ones genetic makeup

Down syndrome

30

A self confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype

Stereotype threat