Chapter 9 Vocab Section 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Vocab Section 2 Deck (21)
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A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli a photographic or picture-image lasting no more than a few tents of a second

Iconic memory

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A momentary sensory memory of audio stimuli if attention is elsewhere sounds and words can still be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds

Echoic memory

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Enshrined the recall capacity of the Magical Number Seven plus or minus two our short term memory typically stores just seven or so bits of information

George Miller

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An increase in a synapses firing potential after brief rapid stimulation believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory

Long-Term Potential

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Loss of memory

Amnesia

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retention independent of conscious recollection

Implicit memory

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A memory of facts and experiences that once can consciously know and "declare"

Explicit memory

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A neural center that is located in the limbic system and helps process explicit memories for storage

Hippocampus

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The brain region extending out from the rear of the brain steam plays a key role in forming and storing the implicit memories created by classical conditioning

Cerebellum

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A measure if memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier as on a fill-in-the-blank test

Recall

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A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned as on a multiple choice test

Recognition

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A memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time

Relearning

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The activation often unconsciously of particular associations with memory

Priming

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The eerie sense that "I've experienced this before" cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience

Déjà vu

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The tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with ones current good or bad mood

Mood congruent memory

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Learned more list of nonsense syllables and measured how much he retained when relearning each list from 29 minutes to 30 days later he famous forgetting curve indicates that much if what we learn we may indeed quickly forget

Ebbinghaus

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The disruptive effect of prior learning in the recall of new information

Proactive interference

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The disruptive effect of new learning in the recall of prior information

Retroactive interference

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In psychoanalytic theory the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts feelings and memories

Repression

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Incorporating misleading information into ones memory of an event

Misinformation effect

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Attributing to the wrong source of an event we have experienced heard about read about or imagined this along with the misinformation effect is at heart of many false memories

Source amnesia