Chapter 8 Vocab Section 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Vocab Section 2 Deck (19)
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Increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli such as food any stimulus that when presented after a response strengthens the response

Positive reinforcement

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Increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli, stimulus that when removed after a response strengthens the response

Negative reinforcement

2

An innately reinforcing stimulus such as one that satisfies a biological need

Primary reinforcers

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A stimulus that gains it's reinforcing power through its association with a primary reinforcer

Conditioned reinforcers

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Reinforcing the desired response every time it occurs

Continuous reinforcement

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Reinforcing a response only part of the time results in slower acquisition of a response but much greater resistance to extinction than does continuous reinforcement

Partial reinforcement

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In operant conditioning a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses

Fixed ratio schedule

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In operant conditioning a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response after an unpredictable number or responses

Variable ratio schedule

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In operant conditioning a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed

Fixed interval schedules

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In operant conditioning. Reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response of unpredictable time intervals

Variable interval schedules

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An event that decreases the behavior it follows

Punishment

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Learning that occurs but is not apparent until three is an incentive to demonstrate it

Latent learning

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A mental representation of the layout of ones environment

Cognitive map

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A desire to preform a behavior for its own sake

Intrinsic motivation

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A desire to preform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment

Extrinsic motivation

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Learning by observing others

Observational learning

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The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior

Modeling

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Frontal lobe neurons that fire when performing certain actions or when observing another doing so

Mirror neurons

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Positive constructive helpful behavior

Pro social behavior