Chapter 9 Vocab 1st half Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Vocab 1st half Deck (21)
0

The persistence of learning over time through storage and retrieval of information

Memory

1

A clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event

Flashbulb memories

2

The processing of information into the memory system by extracting meaning

Encoding

3

The retention of encoded information over time

Storage

4

The process of getting information out of memory storage

Retrieval

5

The immediate very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system

Sensory memory

6

Activated memory that holds a few items briefly such a 7 digit phone number while dialing before info is stored or lost

Short-term memory

7

The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system includes knowledge skills and experiences

Long term memory

8

A newer understanding of short term memory that invites active processing of incoming auditory and visual spatial info of info retrieved from long term memory

Working memory

9

Unconscious encoding of incidental info such as space time frequency and of well learned information such as word meanings

Automatic processing

10

Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort

Effortful processing

11

The conscious repetition of info either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage

Rehearsal

12

The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long term retention that is achieved through mass study or practice

Spacing effect

13

Our tendency to recall best the last and first items in a list

Serial position effect

14

The encoding of principal images

Visual encoding

15

The encoding of sound especially the sound of words

Acoustic encoding

16

The encoding of meaning including the meaning of words

Semantic encoding

17

Mental pictures a powerful aid to effortful processing especially when combined with semantic encoding

Imagery

18

Memory aids especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organization

Mnemonic devices

19

Organizing items into familiar manageable units often occurs automatically

Chunking

20

Organizing a few broad concepts by dividing and subdividing them into narrower concepts and facts

Hierarchies