Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (31)
Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and to use knowledge to adapt to a new situations
A statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test, used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score
According to spearman and other underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test
viewing an abstract, immaterial concept as if it were a concrete thing. (“She has an IQ of 120,” reifying IQ as a thing someone has
helped develop factor analysis, believed there is also a general intelligence, or g factor that underlies the various clusters. (The factor approach)
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing
rejected g-factor. Didn’t rank his subjects on a single scale of general aptitude. Argued that factor analysis revealed seven independent mental abilities. 7 mental abilities
stated that people have specific intellectual potentials, or “intelligences,” each involving a set of problem-solving skills. (Linguistic, Logical-mathematical, Musical, Spatial, Bodily-kinesthetic, Intrapersonal (self), Interpersonal (other people), Naturalist)
triarchic theory distinguishes three intelligences: analytical (academic problem-solving) intelligence, creative intelligence, and practical intelligence.
the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions
the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.
a method for assessing an individual’s mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of
others, using numerical scores.
started the modern intelligence-testing movement by developing questions that helped predict children’s future progress in the Paris school system. (determining which students needed to be placed in Special Education classrooms)
a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance. Thus, a child who does as well as the average 9-year-old is said to have a mental age of 8.
a Stanford University Professor, Terman revised Binet’s original IQ test by establishing new age norms and extending the upper end of the test’s range from teenagers to “superior adults.” Supported the Nature side of the debate.
The widely used American revision (by Terman at Stanford University) of Binet’s original intelligence test.
defined originally as the ration of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100 (thus, IQ = ma/ca x 100). On contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100.
a test designed to predict a person’s future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn.
a test designed to assess what a person has learned
most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests.
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested standardization group.
intelligence test performance has been improving
The Flynn effect
the symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. Most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes.
the extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, on alternate forms of the test, or on retesting.
the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to.
the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest (such as a driving test that samples driving tasks).
the behavior (such as future college grades) that a test (such as the SAT) is designed to predict; thus, the measure used in defining whether the test has predictive validity
the success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior. (Also called criterion-related validity.)
a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound.
a condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one’s genetic makeup.