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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (25):
1

Iconic Memory

Visual sensory memory, lasting only a fraction of a second

2

Anterograde Amnesia

Loss of memory from the point of injury or trauma forward, or the inability to form new long term memories

3

Decay

Loss of memory due to the passage of time, during which the memory trace is not used

4

Declarative Memory

Type of long-term memory containing information that is conscious and known

5

Echoic Memory

Brief memory of something a person has just heard

6

Eidetic Imagery

Ability to access a visual memory for 30 seconds or more

7

Elaborative Rehearsal

Method of transferring information from STM into LTM by making that information meaningful in some way

8

Encoding

Set of mental operations that people perform on sensory information to convert that information into a form that is usable in the brain's storage systems

9

Episodic Memory

Type of declarative memory containing personal information not really available to others, such as daily activities and events

10

Explicit Memory

Memory that is consciously known, like a declarative memory

11

Flashbulb Memories

Type of automatic encoding that occurs because an unexpected event has strong emotional associations for the person remembering it

12

Implicit Memory

Memory that is not easily brought into conscious awareness, such as procedural memory

13

Maintenance Rehearsal

Practice of saying information to be remembered over and over in one's head in order to maintain it in STM

14

Memory

An active system that receives information from the senses, puts that information into a usable form, organizes it as it stores it away, and then retrieves the information from storage

15

Primacy Effect

Tendency to remember information at the beginning of a body of information better than the information that follows

16

Proactive Interference

Memory problem that occurs when a goal must be reached by thinking and behaving in certain ways

17

Procedural (non declarative) Memory

Type of LTM including memory for skills, procedures, habits, and conditioned responses. Memories are not conscious but are implied to exist because they affect conscious behavior

18

Recency Effect

Tendency to remember information at the end of a body of information better than the information at the beginning of it

19

Retrieval Cue

Stimulus for remembering

20

Retroactive Interference

Memory retrieval problem that occurs when newer information prevents or interferes with the retrieval of older information

21

Retrograde Amnesia

Loss of memory from the point of some injury or trauma backwards, or loss of memory from the past

22

Semantic Memory

Type of declarative memory containing general knowledge, such as knowledge of language and information learned in formal education

23

Sensory Memory

Very first stage of memory; the point at which information enters the nervous system through the sensory system

24

Serial Position Effect

Tendency of information at the beginning and end of a body of information to be remembered more accurately than the information in the middle of the body of information

25

Short Term Memory (STM)

Memory system in which information is held for beef periods of time while being used