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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (27):
1

a system of social interaction that includes both culture and social organization

society

2

the behavior between 2 or more that is given meaning by them

social interaction

3

saw a society as a whole, not just specific parts- much more than just individuals in it

Emile Durkheim

4

sociological approach that takes the broadest view of society by studying large patterns of social interactions that are vast, complex, and highly differentiated

macroanalysis

5

focus on the smallest, most immediately visible parts of social life as specific people interacting with each other

microanalysis

6

description of the order established in social groups at any level

social organization

7

established/organized system of social behavior with a recognized purpose

social institution

8

refers to the organized pattern of social relationships and social institutions that together compose a society

social structure

9

body of beliefs common to a community or society that give people a sense of belonging and a feeling of moral obligation to its demands and values

collective unconscious

10

arises when individuals play similar roles within society

mechanical solidarity

11

when people play a great variety of roles and unity is based on role differentiation, not similarity

organic solidarity

12

relatedness of different tasks that develop in complex societies

division of labor

13

German word that means "community" that is characterized by a sense of "we"- family- friends

gemeinschaft

14

means "society", importance placed on secondary relationships- less intimate- work roles

gesellschaft

15

what are the types of societies?

preindustrial, industrial and postindustrial

16

society that directly uses, modifies and/or tills the land as a major means of survival

preindustrial society

17

society that uses machines and other advanced technologies to produce and distribute goods and services

industrial society

18

society that depends economically on the production and distribution of services information and knowledge

postindustrial society

19

an established position in a social structure that carries with it a degree of social rank or value

status

20

behavior others expect from a person associated with a particular status (statuses are occupied, while roles are played)

role

21

a process by which we imitate the behavior of another person we admire who is in a particular role

role modeling

22

all the roles and commitments and job role

role set

23

condition where a single role brings conflicting expectations (involves conflicts within a single role)

role strain

24

-"collective consciousness"
-social solidarity
-consensus

functionalism theory

25

-coercion through power
-ideological super structure

conflict theory

26

-predictable pattern- institutionalism
-shared meaningful behavior

symbolic interaction theory

27

what do forms of society depend on?

involvement, participation, and relationships of its members (how it's connected)