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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Vocab Deck (13):

system by which Western nations became wealthy by taking raw materials from other societies ad reaping profits from products finished in the homeland



within world systems theory, those nations that are more technologically advanced

core countries


the global theory maintaining that industrialized nations hold less- industrialized nations in a dependent, thus exploitative, relationship that benefits the industrialized nations at the expense of less- industrialized ones

dependency theories


measure of three key components of women's lives including reproductive health, empowerment, and labor market status

gender inequality index


is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income distribution of a nation's residents, and is the most commonly used measure of inequality

Gini coefficient


the systematic inequalities between and among different groups within nations tat result from the differences in wealth, power and prestige of different societies relative to their position in the international economy

global stratification


the total output of goods and services produced by residents of a country each year plus the income from nonresident sources, divided by the size of the population

gross nation income


system of labor whereby products are produced globally, while profits accrue only to a few

international division of labor


a view of globalization in which global development is a worldwide process affecting nearly all societies that have been touched technological change

modernization theory


a form of control of poor countries by rich countries, but without direct political or military involvement



poor countries largely agricultural, having little power or influence in the world system

peripheral countries


semi- industrialized countries that represent a kind of middle class within the world system

semi peripheral countries


theory that capitalism is a single world economy and that there is a worldwide system of unequal political and economic relationships that benefit the technologically advanced countries at the expense of the less technologically advanced

world systems theory