Flashcards in Chapter 5 - Human Movement Science Deck (80):
The science concerned with the internal and external forces acting on the human body and the effects produced by these forces
positioned above a point of reference
positioned below a point of reference
positioned nearest the center of the body, or point of reference
positioned farthest from the center of the body, or point of referene
on the front of the body
on the back of the body
positioned neat the middle of the body
positioned toward the outside of the body
positioned on the opposite side of the body
positioned on the same side of the body
the position with the body erect with the arms at the sides and the palms forward.
an imaginary bisector that divides the body into left and right halves
A bending movement in which the relative angle between two adjacent segments dereases
Plane of motion occuring with flexion/extension on a coronal axis
Plane of motion occuring with adduction/abduction, lateral flexion, eversion/inversion on an anterior-posterior axis
Plane of motion occuring with internal/external rotation, left/right rotation, horizontal adducction/abduction on a longitudinal plane
Biceps curl, tricep push-down, squat, front lunge, calf raise, walking, running, vertical jumping, climbing stairs all occur in which plane of motion?
Side lateral raise, side lunge, and side shuffle all occur in which plane of motion?
Trunk rotation, throwing, golfing, and swinging a bat all occur in which plane of motion?
Flexion where toe points up toward you.
Flexion where toe point down and away.
Flexion where knee bends leg backward as in a hamstring curl.
extension where knee direct the foot out and away from the body.
high knee leg raise is an example of which type of flexion?
hip flexion; femoral-on-pelvic rotation
bending forward hinging at the hip as in a deadlift is an example of what type of flexion?
Hip flexion: pelvic-on-femoral rotation
extending the leg straight and directly backwards is an example of?
bending the upper back and head forward is an example of spinal ___________ .
bending the head and upper back backwards is an example of spinal ________ .
bending at the elbow bringin the hand toward the shoulder is an example of elbow __________ .
hinging at the elbow and extending the arm down and outward is an example of Elbow ________ .
bringing the arm overhead is an example of shoulder ___________ .
bring the arm straight down and away is an example of shoulder _____________ .
bending the head forward and down is an example of cervical ____________ .
extending the head back and upward is an example of cervical ___________ .
A straightening movement in which the relative angle between two adjacent segments increases.
Extension of a joint beyond the normal limit or range of motion.
An imaginary bisector that divides the body into front and back halves.
a movement in the frontal plane away from the midline of the body.
movement in the frontal plane back toward the midline of the body
an imaginary bisector that divides the body into top and bottom halves
rotation of a joint toward the middle of the body
rotation of a joint away from the middle of the body
movement of the arm or thigh in the transverse plane from an anterior position to a lateral position
movment of the arm or thigh in the transverse plane from a lateral position to an anterior position
side bend is an example of ______________ flexion
Eversion, inversion, hip abduction/adduction, lateral flexion, shoulder abduction/adduction, and cervical lateral flexion are all examples of ___________ and ___________ movements. Pg 81
adduction and abduction
Adduction of scapula; shoulder blades move toward the midline.
abduction of scapula; shoulder blades move away from the midline
downward (inferior) motion of the scapula
upward (superior) motion of the scapula
rotate extended arm to face palm outward.
rotate extended arm to face palm inward
rotate lifted arms outward
shoulder horizontal abduction
rotate lifted arms inward
shoulder horizontal adduction
a muscle contraction where force is produced, muscle tension is developed, and movement occurs through a given range of motion. (constant muscle tension). Two kinds: Eccentric and Concentric
muscle action that occurs when a muscle develops tension while lengthening
When a muscle is exerting force greater than the resistive force, resulting in shortening of the muscle.
When a muscle is exerting force equal to the force being placed on it leading to no visisble change in the muscle length.
When a muscle shortens at a constant speed over the full range of motion.
An influence applied by one object to another, which results in an acceleration or deceleration of the second object.
the resting length of a muscle and the tension the muscle can produce at this resting length
Muscle groups moving together to produce movement around a joint.
Common force couple that creates a trunk rotation movement
Internal and external obliques
a common force couple that causes upward rotation of the scapula
upper trapezius and the lower portion of the serratus anterior
a common force-couple that produces hip and knee extension during walking, running, stair climbing, etc.
Gluteus maximus, quadriceps, and calf
a common for couple that performs plantarflexion at the foot and ankle complex
Gastrocnemius, peroneus longus, and tibialis posterior
a common force-couple that performs should abduction
deltoid and rotator cuff
movement of the bones around the joints
A force that produces rotation. Common unit of measurement is the newton-meter or Nm.
Motor response to internal and extternal environmental stimuli
How the central nervous system integrates internal and external sensory information with previous experiences to produce a motor response
Integration of motor control processes through practice and experience, leading to a relatively permanent change in the capacity to produce skilled movements.
The change in motor skill behavior over time throughout the lifespan.
Groups of muscles that are recruited by the central nervous system to provide movement.
The cumulative sensory input to the central nervous system from all mechanoreceptors that sense body position and limb movements.
The cooperation of the nervous and muscular system in gathering and interpreting information and executing movement.
The use of sensory information and sensorimotor integration to help the human movement system in motor learning.
The process whereby sensory information is used by the body to reactively monitor movement and the environment.