Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Flexibility Training Concepts Deck (54):
The normal extensibility of all soft tissues that allows the full range of motion of a joint.
Capability to be elongated or stretched.
The combination of flexibility and the nervous systems ability to control this range of motion efficiently.
Dynamic range of motion
The ability of the neuromuscular system to allow agonists, antagonists, and stabilizers to work synergistically to produce, reduce, and dynamically stabilize the entire kinetic chain in all three planes of motion.
Predictable patterns of muscle imbalances.
Postural distortion patterns
The tendency of the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional movement patterns.
Alteration of muscle length surrounding a joint.
The simultaneous relaxation of one muscle and the contraction of its antagonist to allow movement to take place.
The concept of muscle inhibition cause by a tight agonist, which inhibits its functional antagonist.
Altered reciprocal inhibition.
The neuromuscular phenomenon that occurs when inappropriate muscles take over the function of a weak or inhibited prime mover.
The motions of joints in the body.
Altered forces at the joint that result in abnormal muscular activity and impaired neuromuscular communication of the joint.
Helps keep muscles from stretching too far too fast.
located where the muscle an tendon meet and are sensitive to changes in muscular tension and the rate of tension change
Golgi Tendon Organs
When placed under pressure allows the muscle to relax which prevents the muscle from being placed under excess stress.
Golgi Tendon Organs.
The process by which neural impulses that sense tension are greater than the impulses that cuase mus les to contract, providing an inhibitory effect to the muscle spindles.
Consistently repeating the same pattern of motion, which may place abnormal stresses on the body.
States that soft tissue models along the lines of stress
Integrated flexibility continuum
Self myofacial release and static stretching fall into which stage of the flexibility continuum.
SMR and Active isolated stretching fall into which stage of the integrated flexibility continuum?
SMR and dynamic stretching fall into which stage of the integrated flexibility continuum
a stretching technique that focuses on the neural system and fascial system in the body
Self Myofacial release
breaks up knots and helps to release unwanted tension in the muscle.
Prisoner squat, multiplanar lunge, Tube walking (side to side) and medicine ball lift and chop are examples of __________ ___________
The process of passively taking a muscle to the point of tension and holding the stretch for a min of 30 seconds.
works through autogenic inhibition or reciprocal inhibition
acute variables of a static stretch sets/lenght
1-2 sets, hold for 30 seconds.
gastrocnemius stretch, kneeling hip flexor stretch, standing adductor stretch, and pectoral wall stretch are all types of ________ stretches
The process of using agonists and synergists to dynamically move the joint into a range of motion.
Active isolated stretch
Active isolated stretch acute variables. ____ sets, hold for ________ seconds, for _____ reps.
1-2 sets, hold for 1-2 sec., for 5-10 reps.
The active extension of a muscle, using force production and momentum, to move the joint through the full available range of motion.
Mechanism of action in dynamic stretching
Acute variables for dynamic stretches set, reps, exercises
1 set, 10 reps, 3-10 exercises
prisoner squats, multiplanar lunges, single-leg squat touchdowns, tube walking, and med ball lift and chops are all examples of _________ _______--
Golgi Tendon Organ & Muscle Spindle Fibers
mechanoreceptor that Senses muscle tension
relaxes the muscle in response to tension and reacts to avoid injury
mechanoreceptor that senses muscle lengthening
contracts the muscle in response to muscle lengthening reacting to avoid injury
Muscle Spindle Fibers
SMR Thoracic Spine
Static 90/90 hamstring
Static Supine bicep femoris
static standing bicep femoris
static seated ball adductor
static adductor magnus
static supine piriformis
static erector spinae
When synergists take over function for a weak or inhibited prime mover