Chapter 7 - Flexibility Training Concepts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Flexibility Training Concepts Deck (54):
1

The normal extensibility of all soft tissues that allows the full range of motion of a joint.

Flexibility

2

Capability to be elongated or stretched.

Extensibility

3

The combination of flexibility and the nervous systems ability to control this range of motion efficiently.

Dynamic range of motion

4

The ability of the neuromuscular system to allow agonists, antagonists, and stabilizers to work synergistically to produce, reduce, and dynamically stabilize the entire kinetic chain in all three planes of motion.

Neuromuscular Efficiency.

5

Predictable patterns of muscle imbalances.

Postural distortion patterns

6

The tendency of the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional movement patterns.

Relative Flexibility

7

Alteration of muscle length surrounding a joint.

Muscle imbalance

8

The simultaneous relaxation of one muscle and the contraction of its antagonist to allow movement to take place.

Reciprocal inhibition

9

The concept of muscle inhibition cause by a tight agonist, which inhibits its functional antagonist.

Altered reciprocal inhibition.

10

The neuromuscular phenomenon that occurs when inappropriate muscles take over the function of a weak or inhibited prime mover.

Synergistic Dominance

11

The motions of joints in the body.

Arthrokinematicss

12

Altered forces at the joint that result in abnormal muscular activity and impaired neuromuscular communication of the joint.

arthrokinetic Dysfunction

13

Helps keep muscles from stretching too far too fast.

Muscle spindles

14

located where the muscle an tendon meet and are sensitive to changes in muscular tension and the rate of tension change

Golgi Tendon Organs

15

When placed under pressure allows the muscle to relax which prevents the muscle from being placed under excess stress.

Golgi Tendon Organs.

16

The process by which neural impulses that sense tension are greater than the impulses that cuase mus les to contract, providing an inhibitory effect to the muscle spindles.

Autogenic Inhibition

17

Consistently repeating the same pattern of motion, which may place abnormal stresses on the body.

Pattern Overload

18

States that soft tissue models along the lines of stress

Davis's Law

19

Corrective flexibility
Active flexibility
Functional flexibility

Integrated flexibility continuum

20

Self myofacial release and static stretching fall into which stage of the flexibility continuum.

Corrrective flexibility

21

SMR and Active isolated stretching fall into which stage of the integrated flexibility continuum?

Active flexibility

22

SMR and dynamic stretching fall into which stage of the integrated flexibility continuum

Functional Flexibility

23

a stretching technique that focuses on the neural system and fascial system in the body

Self Myofacial release

24

breaks up knots and helps to release unwanted tension in the muscle.

SMR

25

Prisoner squat, multiplanar lunge, Tube walking (side to side) and medicine ball lift and chop are examples of __________ ___________

dynamic stretching

26

The process of passively taking a muscle to the point of tension and holding the stretch for a min of 30 seconds.

Static stretching

27

works through autogenic inhibition or reciprocal inhibition

Static stretch

28

acute variables of a static stretch sets/lenght

1-2 sets, hold for 30 seconds.

29

gastrocnemius stretch, kneeling hip flexor stretch, standing adductor stretch, and pectoral wall stretch are all types of ________ stretches

static

30

The process of using agonists and synergists to dynamically move the joint into a range of motion.

Active isolated stretch

31

Active isolated stretch acute variables. ____ sets, hold for ________ seconds, for _____ reps.

1-2 sets, hold for 1-2 sec., for 5-10 reps.

31

The active extension of a muscle, using force production and momentum, to move the joint through the full available range of motion.

Dynamic stretch

32

Mechanism of action in dynamic stretching

reciprocal inhibition

33

Acute variables for dynamic stretches set, reps, exercises

1 set, 10 reps, 3-10 exercises

34

prisoner squats, multiplanar lunges, single-leg squat touchdowns, tube walking, and med ball lift and chops are all examples of _________ _______--

dynamic stretches

35

mechanoreceptors

Golgi Tendon Organ & Muscle Spindle Fibers

36

mechanoreceptor that Senses muscle tension

GTO

37

relaxes the muscle in response to tension and reacts to avoid injury

GTO

38

mechanoreceptor that senses muscle lengthening

muscle spindles

39

contracts the muscle in response to muscle lengthening reacting to avoid injury

Muscle Spindle Fibers

40

SMR peroneals

SMR exercise

41

SMR Quadriceps

SMR exercise

42

SMR Hamstrings

SMR exercise

43

SMR Thoracic Spine

SMR exercise

44

Static Soleus

Static Stretch

45

Static 90/90 hamstring

Static stretch

46

Static Supine bicep femoris

static stretch

47

static standing bicep femoris

static stretch

48

static seated ball adductor

static stretch

49

static adductor magnus

static stretch

50

static supine piriformis

static stretch

51

static erector spinae

static stretch

53

When synergists take over function for a weak or inhibited prime mover

Synergistic dominance

54

The neuromuscular phenomenon That occurs when inappropriate muscles take over function of the week or inhibited prime mover

Synergistic dominance