Chapter 7 - Principles of Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Principles of Pharmacology Deck (20):
1

Chemical substance used to treat or prevent disease or to relieve pain.

medication

2

Process by which medication works on the body.

pharmacodynamics

3

Reasons or conditions for which a medication is given.

indication

4

Therapeutic effect that a medication is expected to have on the body.

action or intended effect

5

A condition or circumstance when you should not give a medication.

contraindication
unintended effects vs untoward effects

6

Medication enters the body through GI tract.

enteral

7

Medication enters the body by other than digestive tract, skin or mucous membranes.

parenteral

8

Process by which medications travel through the tissues until they reach the blood stream.

absorption

9

The "Six Rights" of medication administration are:

Right patient
Right medication
Right dose
Right route
Right time
Right documentation

10

Administration of medication to self or to partner.

peer-assisted medication

11

Assisting a patient in administration of his or her own medication.

patient-assisted medication

12

Administering medication by the EMT.

EMT-administered medication
EpiPen auto-injector
MDI bronchodilator
nitroglycerine

13

Medication used to treat overdose by oral route.

activated charcoal
works by adsorption of substance
addition of sorbital acts as laxative

14

Rapidly relieves pain of angina.

nitroglycerine
sublingual tablet
metered-dose spray

15

Reduces fever

aspirin

16

Inhibits platelet aggregation.

aspirin

17

Actions of epinepherine.

dilate bronchioles
constrict blood vessels (increase BP)
increase heart rate (increase BP)

18

Administration of oxygen to patient who is breathing.

nonrebreathing mask 10 - 15 L/min
nasal cannula 2 - 6 L/min

19

Administration of oxygen to patient who is not breathing.

bag-mask device 15 L/min

20

What is a Beta 2 agonist.

related to epinepherine, but more selective for relieving bronchial spasms with limited effects on the heart (beta 1).
metaproterenol or albuterol