Chapter 1 - EMS Systems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 - EMS Systems Deck (22):
1

Star of Life

Detection
Reporting
Response
On-scene care
Care in transit
Transfer to definitive care

2

1966 - NHTSA of the DOT through Highway Safety Act of 1966 and DHHS Emergency Medical Act of 1973

Accidental Death and Disability, The Neglected Disease of Modern Society

3

1990s NHTSA standardized levels of EMS education

EMS Agenda for the Future

4

1996 NHTSA overarching guidelines as to skills at each EMS level

National EMS Scope of Practice Model

5

EMT with training in specific aspects of ALS,
iv therapy administration of certain medications

Advanced EMT

6

Legislation to protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

7

detects treatable cardiac arrhythmias: ventricular fibrillation, or ventricular tachycardia
and delivers appropriate electrical shock

Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

8

System of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of EMS system.

Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI)

9

System that assists dispatchers in selecting appropriate units to respond to a particular call.

Emergency Medical Dispatch (EMD)

10

First trained individual to arrive at the scene of an emergency to provide initial medical assistance.

Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)

11

Multidisciplinary system represents combined efforts of various individuals and agencies to provide pre-hospital emergency care to sick and injured.

Emergency Medical Services (EMS)

12

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act passed in 1996 limits disclosure of protected health information.

HIPAA

13

Individual who has training in basic life support: CPR, AED, airway adjunct, and assisting patients with certain medications.

Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

14

Process whereby a state allows individuals to perform a regulated act.

Licensure

15

Process in which a person, institution or program is evaluated and recognized as meeting predetermined standards.

Certification

16

Individual with extensive training in ALS, including:
endotracheal intubation, emergency pharmacology, and cardiac monitoring.

Paramedic

17

Physician instructions that are given directly (cell phone or radio) or indirectly (protocols/guidelines)
as authorized by the medical director.

Medical Control

18

Physician who authorizes to EMT the authority to provide medical care in the field.

Medical Director

19

Efforts to prevent an injury or illness from occurring.

Primary Prevention

20

Efforts to limit the effects of an injury or illness that you cannot completely prevent.

Secondary Prevention

21

Call center responsible for managing requests for police, fire and ambulance service.

Public Safety Access Point

22

Responsibility of the medical director to ensure that appropriate medical care standards are met by EMTs on each call.

Quality Control