Emt Drug List Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Emt Drug List Deck (13):
1

Acetaminophen

Reduces fevers for peds

10-15 mg/kg do not exceed 50 mg/kg

Allergic reaction
Or liver failure

2

Adcetysylicylic acid ( aspirin)

Anti inflammatory, anti coagulant

Adult 81mg/ do not exceed 324 mg in 24 hours

Ask if taking blood thinner or allergic reaction, do not give to patients

3

Activated charcoal

GI absorbent

Do not use if trachea is obstructed

1mg/kg for adults and peds

Call poison control before administering

4

Albuterol

Used to reverse airway obstruction

Adult 2.5-5mg (up to 10mg) in 3 ml of NS

5

Atropine sulfate

Anticholinergic

Used for poisonings, organophosphate, mushrooms, nerve gases

None contradictions

2mg IM

6

Oral glucose

Hypoglycemia, or if you cannot tell administer even on hyper dose cannot kill them

Contra: intra cranial bleeds
Delirium tremens with dehydration
Unconcious
Suspected cva

Admin
12-25mg paste( whole tube)
Ped same as adult

7

Epinephrine

Anaphylaxis

Admin

Adult 0.3mg (1:1000) SQ, IM

Peds: 0.01mg (1:1000) SQ, IM

8

Ipatropium

Anticholinergic

Bronchial asthma, reverses bronchospasms

Contra:
Allergy to drug

Admin
1-2 inhalations( via metered dose inhaler)

250-500mcg ( 0.25-0.5 mg0 via nebulization

9

Levalbuterol

Isomer, beta2 agonist

Xopenex is used to treat reversible airway obstruction
Wheezing, copd, chronic bronchitis

Contra
Allergic reaction
Mao inhibitor
Sensitive to peanuts

Admin
Nebulizer
A- 1.25mg in 3ml of sterile NS, inhalation therapy 5-15 minutes

P-0.63-1.25mg

10

Naloxone

Narcotic antagonist

Reverses effects of narcotics

Contra:
Allergic reaction

Admin
A 0.4-2.0mg SQ,IM, tritate to respiratory effort/rate. May be repeated 2-3 minutes if needed (2mg (1 mg per naris)

Peds: 0.1mg/kg <5 yrs or €20 kg [2mg] €5yrs or >20 kg IM,SQ may be repeated at 0.1mg/kg if original dose had no effect

Neonate: 0.1 mg/kg slow IM,SQ repeat in 2-3 minutes

11

Nitroglycerin

Anti anginal/vascular dilating agent

Contra:
Allergic
Severe hypotension
Pericardial tamponade
Increased intra cranial pressure
Hypovolemia

Admi: adult
0.4mg SL

12

Oxygen

Gas, oxidizer

Suspected hypoxia or respiratory distress, shock, trauma

Contra:
None

Admin

Adult and peds
Low flow NC 1-2 lpm
Moderate flow NC 4-6 lmp
High flow NRB 10-15 lmp

13

Pralidoxime

Cholinesterase re activator

Used when pesticide or nerve agent poisoning after atropine has been admin

Contra
Myasthenia (muscle problem)
Renal failure

Admin
Adult 600mg auto injector