chapter 8 lesson 2 - Southern California Grows Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 8 lesson 2 - Southern California Grows Deck (22):
1

Santa Fe Railroad

a railroad built in 1887 that competed with the Southern Pacific Railroad

2

how did they compete

lowered fairs which made people come from east to southern caifornia

3

why did people think coming to Southern California would make them healthier

advertisements from railroads claiming that warmer climate makes the sick well and strong more vigorous

4

san pedro bay

harbor built in Los Angeles making it one of the busiest ports on the Pacific Coast

5

why was san pedro port built

LA was growing fast so it needed a harbor to bring supplies

6

petroleum

oil discovered in Southern California

7

edward dohney

discovered large amounts of oil in Los Angeles

8

boom

a time of big economic growth

9

derrick

tower built over an oil well to hold drilling machines

10

what happened when oil was discovered in LA

people began drilling for oil all over LA. 2300 wells had been built

11

why did the railroads start using oil

oil was cheaper and burned more clean than coal. demand went up

12

how did automobiles create a need for oil

gas was needed to run cars

13

reserviors

human made lakes

14

willliam mulholland

built first aqueduct

15

aqueduct

large pipe or canal that carries water from one place to another

16

what did the aqueduct do for LA

brought millions of gallons of water into LA area

17

hydroelectric power

electricity produced by using waterpower

18

why did it take so long to build the aqueduct

they had to blast tunnels through the sierra nevada and clear paths across the mojave desert

19

how did the aqueduct hurt people in owen valley

so much water was taken away that farmers and ranchers didn't have enough fior their crops and animals

20

what had LA done to the owens river

bought the land on both sides of the river which let them controll the water

21

how did the people of owens valley try to stop the flow of water into the aqueduct

used dynamite to blast holes in the aqueduct

22

how did the aqueduct affect people of owens valley

river went dry forming dust clouds. created health problems. engineers set up pipelines to bring water back and reduce dust.