Chapter 8 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Vocab Deck (27):
1

Boundary

An invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory

2

City-state

A sovereign state compromising a city and its immediately surrounding countryside

3

Colonialism

An attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory

4

Colony

A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independant

5

Compact state

A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary doesn't vary significantly

6

Democracy

A country in which citizens elect leaders that run for office

7

Devolution

The transfer or delegation of power to a lower level

8

Elongated State

A state with a long, narrow shape

9

Fragmented State

A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory

10

Federal state

An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government

11

Frontier

A zone separating 2 states in which neither state exercises political control

12

Gerrymandering

The process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power

13

Irredentism

The nationalist belief that a territory belonging to another country should be annexed for ethnic or historical reasons

14

Landlocked State

A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea

15

Nation-State

A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular culture or ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality

16

Microstate

A state that encompasses a very small land area

17

Multiethnic State

A state that is comprised of more than one ethinicty

18

Multinational State

A state that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities

19

Autocracy

A country that is run according to the interests of the ruler rather than the people

20

Prorupted State

An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension

21

Self-Determination

The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves

22

Sovereignty

The ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states

23

State

An area organized into a political unit ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs.

24

Stateless nation

A group of people with a shared culture/nationality without its own territory

25

Supranationalism

Having power or influence that transcends national boundaries or governments

26

Terrorism

The systematic use of violence by a group in order to intimidate a population or coerce a government into granting its demands

27

Unitary State

An internal organization of a state that places the most power in the hands of central government officials