Crash course- Religion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Crash course- Religion Deck (18):
1

What are the 3 major universalizing religions?

Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism

2

About what % of the world follows a universalizing religion?

About 60%

3

What are branches?

Large, fundamental, divisions in a religion

4

What are denominations?

Groups of common congregations within a branch

5

What are sects?

Smaller groups that've broken away from a recognized denomination within a branch

6

What are the 2 major ethnic religions?

Judaism and Hinduism

7

What's the world's first universalizing religion?

Buddhism

8

Where was Buddhism is founded and where is it almost extinct?

Buddhism was founded in India and is almost extinct there

9

Where did Christianity originate?

The semitic hearth (near modern day Israel)

10

What are the 3 most types of buddhism? Which ones are the main 2?

Theravada and Mahayana are the main 2 branches but Lamaism can be found in Tibet

11

What is the most famous structure of Buddhism?

The pagoda

12

Define a syncretic religion and give an example

A blend of beliefs and practices of both Hinduism and Islam. Ex: Sikhism

13

What is the oldest monotheistic religion?

Judaism, 2000 BCE

14

What is a diaspora?

The scattering of an ethnic group

15

What's an example of a diaspora?

When the Roman Empire destroyed the Jews' holy city of Jerusalem and the Jews scattered throughout the world

16

What are the 3 types of Judaism?

(In order of most to least conservative and old): Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative

17

What's the difference between and interfaith boundary and an intrafaith boundary?

An interfaith boundary divides space between 2 or more religions and an intrafaith boundary divides space within 1 religon/ among denominations

18

What are 2 examples of interfaith boundaries?

Palestine/ Israel: Judaism and Islam. Former Yugoslavia: Christianity and Islam