Chapter 1 vocab Flashcards Preview

► Human Geography > Chapter 1 vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 vocab Deck (36):
1

Concentration

The extent of a feature's spread over space

2

Contagious Diffusion

The rapid and widespread diffusion of a a characteristic throughout the population

3

Cultural Ecology

The geographic study of human-environment relationships

4

Cultural Landscape

A combination of cultural features, economic features, and physical features

5

Density

The frequency with which something occurs in space

6

Diffusion

The process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time

7

Distance Decay

The diminishing in importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin

8

Environmental Determinism

An approach on how the physical environment caused social development

9

Expansion Diffusion

The spread of a feature from one place to another through a process and is not always immediate

10

Functional region

An area organized around a node of focal point

11

GIS

A computer system that captures, stores, query, analyzes, and displays geographic data

12

GPS

A system that accurately determines the precise position of something on earth

13

Globalizaton

A force of process that involves the entire world and results in making something worldwide in scope

14

Hearth

The place from which an innovation originates

15

Hierarchal diffusion

The spread of an idea from people or nodes of authority or power to other people or places

16

Mental map

An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface

17

Physiological Density

The number of people per unit of area suitable for agriculture

18

Polders

Pieces of land that's created by draining a body of water from any area

19

Possiblism

The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives

20

Projection

The scientific method of transferring locations on Earth's surface to a flat map

21

Region

An area of earth's surface distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features

22

Relocation Diffusion

The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another

23

Remote Sensing

The acquisition of data about earth's surface from a satellite orbiting earth or from other long-distance methods

24

Scale

The relationship between the portion of earth being shown/studied and earth as a whole

25

Site

Absolute location......The physical character of a place

26

Situation

The location of a place relative to other places

27

Stimulus diffusion

The spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse

28

Sustainability

The way we use earth's resources to ensure the resources' availability

29

Toponym

The name given to a place on earth

30

Vernacular (perceptual) region

A place that people think exists as a part of their cultural identity

31

Cartography

The science of map making

32

Formal region

Any area that has clearly defined boundaries. (City, state, country,etc)

33

Chloropleth map

Shows you by county, country, or state where something is

34

Dot distribution map

Lots of dots everywhere that are the same size

35

Isoline map

Wavy lines everywhere, weather maps

36

Proportional map

Dot sizes vary based on the amount of the thing being measured