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Flashcards in Crash course: Population Deck (30):
1

What is demography?

The study of human populations

2

What can affect a country's well-being?

The size, composition, and growth of a country's population affects its well-being

3

What percent of earth's population lives in poorer, less developed countries? Where can those countries be found?

About 80% of Earth's population lives in poorer, less developed regions in Latin America, Africa, and Asia

4

Where can the largest concentration of people on earth be found?

In East Asia (China, Japan, Taiwan, and North & South Korea)

5

Where is the second-largest concentration of people?

In South Asia (India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan)

6

Where is the third-largest concentration of people?

In Europe (from the Atlantic to the Ural Mountains)

7

Where is the highest number of urban dwellers?

Asia

8

Where is the highest percentage of urban dwellers?

Europe

9

What is density?

The number of people in a particular land area

10

What is arithmetic density?

The total number of people divided by the total land area

11

What is physiological density?

The number of people per unit of arable land. This is helpful for analyzing the amount of farmland available in the region

12

What is agricultural density?

The amount of farmers per unit of arable land

13

What does carrying capacity depend on?

Available space, available technology, weather, climate, and ability to bring in resources from other areas to support its people

14

How has Japan avoided overpopulation?

It has increased its carrying capacity to avoid overpopulation by developing trade relationships with other countries so Japan could import food for its people in exchange for Japanese technology

15

What are some reasons for under development?

Colonial exploitation, educational and gender inequities, and inefficient economic & agricultural processes in place (among other factors)

16

What is a group of people the same age known as?

A cohort

17

What are some countries with graying populations?

Russia, Japan, and Italy

18

What can having a high dependency ratio lead to?

Problems because there are fewer workers able to pay taxes and support programs needed to care for dependents, such as health care

19

What is causing an increasing dependency ratio and where?

There's an increasing dependency ration in Western Europe and the US as the baby boomers age

20

What is the CBR (crude birth rate)?

The CBR (crude birth rate) is the number of live births per 1,000 people in a year

21

What is CDR (crude death rate)?

The CDR (crude death rate) is the number of deaths per 1,000 people in a year

22

What is fecundity?

The ability of a woman to conceive.

23

What is the general fertility rate (GFR)?

The number of births per 1,000 women in their fecund years, more specific than the CBR

24

What is the Total Fertility Rate (TFR)?

The predicted number of births a women will have as she passes through her fecund years

25

What number TFR is considered replacement level fertility?

2.1-2.5

26

What did Karl Marx say about population growth?

He said that the problem wasn't population growth rates, but was related to the unequal distribution of wages and resources

27

What did Ester Borserup say about population growth?

That overpopulation could be avoided by increasing the number of subsistence farmers

28

What is the difference between an epidemic and a pandemic?

An epidemic is a disease that affects one more local region more acutely and a pandemic is global

29

What is an epicenter?

A region at the center of impact

30

What is another name for demographic momentum and where does it usually happen?

Sometimes called hidden momentum, demographic momentum occurs in many under developed countries when the population continues to grow even after replacement level fertility is reached