Chapter 9: Photosynthesis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9: Photosynthesis Deck (10):
0

What is an autotroph?

A plant that is capable of Photosynthesizing Its own food

1

What is a heterotroph?

Needs complex amounts of nutrition from other sources to be happy

2

What is chemical energy?

energy to create a chemical reaction

3

What type of energy is used in cells and what is the ultimate source of this energy?

Unlimited source: sun
Type of energy: solar energy

4

What is photosynthesis?

when solar energy enters living systems in plants, and certain prokaryotes & makes organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water through the process of photosynthesis.
Benefits: creates oxygen for peeps who give back to the plant with carbon dioxide.

5

What is pigment?

Produces a characteristic color

6

What is an electron chain?

A series of molecules in the inner membrane of mitochondrion.

7

What is the storma?

The space inside the inner membrane

8

What are the three environmental factors that affect the rate of photosynthesis

Carbon dioxide levels, exposure to sunlight, and temperature

9

What is ATP

Adenosine Triphosphate, an organic molecule that oxides the main energy source for cell processes; composed of a nitrogen base sugar and three phosphate groups.
Makes stable w/ energy