Chat 21 & 22 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chat 21 & 22 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chat 21 & 22 Deck (139):
1

parenteral

Outside the intestines

2

aer/o

air

3

-sol

solution

4

aerosol

air solution

5

alges/o

sensitivity to pain

6

brnoch/o

bronchial tube

7

chem/o

drug

8

cras/o

mixture

9

idi/o

individual, strange

10

syn-

together, with

11

idiosyncrasy

strange mixture together

12

cutane/o

skin
*also derm/o

13

derm/o

skin
*also cutane/o

14

erg/o

work

15

synergism

working together

16

esthes/o

feeling, sensation

17

hist/o

tissue

18

hypn/o

sleep

19

iatr/o

treatment

20

-genic

produced by

21

lingu/o

tongue

22

myc/o

mold, fungus

23

-in

substance

24

narc/o

stupor

25

or/o

mouth

26

pharmac/o

drug

27

prurit/o

itching

28

pyret/o

fever

29

thec/o

sheath (of brain and spinal cord)

30

tox/o

poison
*also toxic/o

31

toxic/o

poison
*also tox/o

32

vas/o

vessel

33

ven/o

vein

34

vit/o

life

35

ana-

upward, excessive, again

36

anti-

against

37

contra-

against, opposite

38

par-

other than, apart from

39

a.c., ac

before means (ante cibum)

40

ACE

angiotensin-converting enzyme

41

ad lib

freely, as desired (ad libitum)

42

b.i.d., bid

two times daily

43

c

with

44

Caps

capsules

45

cc

cubic centimeter

46

FDA

US food and drug administration

47

gm

gram

48

g

gram

49

gtt

drops

50

h

hour

51

h.s., hs

at bedtime

52

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

53

IM

intramuscular

54

IV

intravenous

55

mg

milligram

56

ml, mL

milliliter

57

NPO

nothing by mouth

58

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

59

p

after (post)

60

p.c., pc

after meals (post cibum)

61

PO, p.o., po

by mouth (per os)

62

q

every

63

q.h., qh

every hour

64

q2h

every 2 hours

65

q.i.d., qid

four times daily

66

q.s., qs

sufficient quantity

67

qAM

every morning

68

qPM

every evening

69

s

without

70

SL

sublingual

71

s.o.s.

if it's necessary

72

subQ

subcutaneous

73

tab

tablet

74

t.i.d., tid

three times daily

75

QNT

quantity not sufficient

76

administered via suppository or fluid into the anus

rectal

77

administered via vapor or gas into the nose or mouth

inhalation

78

administered under the tongue

sublingual

79

applied locally on skin or mucous membrane

topical

80

injected via syringe under the skin or into a vein, muscle, or body cavity

parenteral

81

given by mouth and absorbed through the stomach or intestinal wall

oral

82

anticonvulsant

epilepsy

83

anticoagulant

thrombosis and embolism

84

antacid

epigastric discomfort

85

progestins

abnormal uterine bleeding caused by hormonal imbalance

86

antibiotic

streptococcal pharyngitis

87

ACE inhibitor

congestive heart failure and HTN

88

bronchodilator

asthma

89

antihistamine

anaphylactic shock

90

tranquilizer

severe behavior disturbances

91

analgesia

myalgia and neuralgia

92

agent that reduces fever

antipyretic

93

agent that reduces itching

antipruritic

94

habit-forming analgesic

narcotic

95

two drugs cause an effect greater than the sum of each one alone

synergism

96

antibiotic derived from red mold

erythromycin

97

legal nonproprietary name of a drug

generic

98

factor in a patient's condition that prevents the use of a particular drug

anesthetic

99

drug that produces an absence of sensation or feeling

analgesic

100

1 tab PO q.i.d. p.c. and h.s.

1 tablet by mouth, four times daily after meals and at bed time

101

15-60 mg IM q4-6h

15-16 milligrams, intramuscular every 4-6 hours

102

2 caps p.o. h.s.

2 capsules by mouth at bedtime

103

1 tab SL p.r.n.

1 tablet sublingual as needed

104

Apply topically qhs prn

apply topically every hour as needed

105

-dote

to give

106

-phylaxis

protection

107

anxi/o

anxiolytic

108

aut/o

self

109

hallucin/o

hallucination

110

ment/o

mind
*also phren/o, psych/o, -thymia

111

neur/o

nerve

112

phil/o

attraction, to love

113

phren/o

mind
*also ment/o, psych/o, -thymia

114

psych/o

mind
*also phren/o, ment/o, -thymia

115

para-

abnormal

116

schiz/o

split

117

somat/o

body

118

-leptic

to sieze hold of

119

-mania

obsessive preoccupation

120

klept/o

to steal

121

kleptomania

obsessive preoccupation to steal

122

-phobia

fear

123

xen/o

stranger

124

-phoria

feeling, bearing

125

eu-

good

126

-thymia

mind
*also psych/o, ment/o, phren/o

127

a-, an-

no, not

128

cata-

down

129

ton/o

tension

130

-orexia

appetite

131

anorexia

no appetite

132

AD

alzheimer disease

133

ADHD

attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

134

CNS

central nervous system

135

DT

delirium tremors (form of alcohol withdrawal)

136

ECT

electroconvulsive therapy

137

IQ

intelligence quotient

138

Rx

therapy

139

SAD

seasonal affective disorder