Chpt 19 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chpt 19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt 19 Deck (138):
1

neoplasm

new growth

2

Benign tumors grow (fast/slow)

slow

3

Malignant tumors grow (fast/slow)

fast
-multiply rapidly

4

cystic tumors

forming large open spaces filled with fluid

5

fungating tumors

Mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile one on top of another and project from a tissue surface

6

inflammatory tumors

Having the features of inflammation -- that is, redness, swelling and heat
-result from the tumor blocking lymphatic drainage.

7

medullary tumors

Large, soft, fleshy tumors

8

necrotic tumors

containing dead tissue

9

polypoid tumor

Growths that form projections extending outward from a base
-risk of becoming malignant
-2 types: sessile and pedunculated

10

sessile tumor

-type of polypoid tumor
-extend from a BROAD BASE

11

pedunculated tumor

-type of polypoid tumor
-extend from a STEM or STALK

12

ulcerating tumor

Characterized by an open, exposed surface resulting from the death of overlying tissue

13

verrucous tumor

Resembling a wart-like growth

14

alveolar (microscopic description)

Tumor cells form patterns resembling small sacs

15

carcinoma in situ

Referring to LOCALIZED tumor cells that have no invaded adj structures

16

diffuse

spreading evenly throughout the affected tissue

17

dysplastic

Containing abnormal-appearing cells that are not clearly cancerous
-ex dysplastic nevi (moles)

18

epidermoid

Resembling squamous epithelial cells

19

follicular

Forming small glandular sacs

20

papillary

Forming small, finger-like or nipple-like projections of cells

21

pleomorphic

Composed of a variety of types of cells
-many shapes

22

scirrhous

Densely packed tumors, due to dense bands of fibrous tissue

23

undifferentiated

Lacking microscopic structures typical of normal mature cells

24

Tumor-node metastasis (TNM)

international staging system

25

alopecia

-side effect of radiotherapy
-baldness
-may be permanent or temporary

26

fibrosis

-side effect of radiotherapy
-incr in connective tissue in normal tissues

27

alveol/o

small sac

28

Mucositis

-side effect of radiotherapy
-inflammation and ulceration of mucous membranes

29

Myelosuppression

-side effect of radiotherapy
-bone marrow depression -- anemia, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia

30

Pneumonitis

-side effect of radiotherapy
-inflammation of the lungs

31

cac/o

bad

32

-hexia

state or condition

33

cachexia

bad state/condition

34

carcin/o

cancer, cancerous

35

cauter/o

burn, heat

36

chem/o

chemical, drug

37

cry/o

cold

38

cyst/o

sac of fluid

39

fibr/o

fibers

40

follicul/o

small glandular sacs

41

fung/i

fungus, mushroom

42

medull/o

soft, inner part

43

mucos/o

mucous membrane

44

mut/a

genetic change

45

-tion

process

46

mutation

process of genetic change

47

mutagen/o

causing genetic change

48

necr/o

death

49

neur/o

nerve

50

onc/o

tumor

51

papill/o

nipple-like

52

plas/o

formation

53

ple/o

many, more

54

pleomorphic

pertaining to many shapes

55

polyp/o

polyp

56

prot/o

first

57

-oid

resembling

58

-col

glued page

59

radi/o

rays

60

sarc/o

flesh, connective tissue

61

scirrh/o

hard

62

xer/o

dry

63

-blastoma

immature tumor

64

-genesis

formation

65

-oma

mass, tumor

66

-plasia

growth, formation
*also plasm

67

-plasm

growth, formation
*also -plasia

68

-supression

to stop

69

-therapy

treatment

70

ana-

backward

71

apo-

off, away

72

brachy-

short (distance)

73

epi-

upon

74

meta-

beyond, change

75

tele-

far

76

AFP

alpha-feto protein

77

BMT

bone marrow transplantation

78

bx

biopsy

79

CA

cancer

80

CEA

carcinoembryonic antigen

81

chemo

chemotherapy

82

CSF

colony-stimulating factor

83

DES

diethylstilbestrol

84

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

85

EDFR

epidermal growth factor receptor

86

ER

estrogen receptor

87

EPO

erythropoietin

88

GIST

gastrointestinal stromal tumor

89

H&E

hematoxylin and eosin

90

HNPCC

hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer

91

IHC

immunohistochemistry

92

NED

no evidence of disease

93

NHL

non-Hodgkin lymphoma

94

Pap smear

Papanicolaou smear

95

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

96

RT

radiation therapy

97

TNM

tumor-nodes-metastases

98

XRT

radiation therapy

99

RT

radiation therapy

100

Which tumor develops from a dysplastic nevi

melanoma

101

Which tumor arises from an organ located within the mediastinum?

thymoma

102

Which tumor arises from an organ in the RUQ of the abdomen?

hepatoma

103

Which tumor has types called astrocytoma, ependymoma, glioblastoma multiforme?

glioma

104

Which tumor is also known as renal cell carcinoma?

hypernephroma

105

Which tumor is characterized by large numbers of plasma cells (bone marrow antibody-producing cells)?

multiple myeloma

106

Which tumor arises from membrane cells surrounding the lungs?

mesothelioma

107

Which tumor has a type known as Hodgkin disease?

lymphoma

108

small nipple-like projections

papillary

109

abnormal formation of cells

dysplastic

110

localized growth of cells

carcinoma in situ

111

densely packed; containing fibrous tissue

sscirrhous

112

pattern resembling small, microscopic sacs

alveolar

113

small, round, gland-type clusters

follicular

114

variety of cell types

pleomorphic

115

lacking structures typical of mature cells

undifferentiated

116

spreading evenly throughout the tissue

diffuse

117

resembling epithelial cells

epidermoid

118

containing dead tissue

necrotic

119

mushrooming pattern of growth: tumor cells pole on top of each other

fungating

120

characterized by large, open, exposed surfaces

ulcerating

121

characterized by redness, swelling, and heat

inflammatory

122

growths and projections from a base; sessile and pedunculated tumors are examples

polypoid

123

tumors form large, open spaces filled with fluid; serous and mucinous tumors are examples

cystic

124

tumors resemble wart-like growths

verrucous

125

tumors are large, soft and fleshy

medullary

126

Ulceration of lining cells in the mouth caused by radiation to the jaw

oral mucositis

127

Radiation to the lungs causes inflammation of the lungs

pneumonitis

128

Chemotherapy for ovarian cancer causes loss of hair on the head

alopecia

129

Bone marrow destruction with leukopenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia

myelosupression

130

Radiation to the lungs causes incr in connective tissue

fibrosis

131

Radiation of salivary glands causes dryness of mouth

xerostomia

132

New type of growths arise at a site separate from the primary tumor

secondary tumors

133

Pauline was diagnosed with a meningioma, which is usually a/an (benign, anaplastic, necrotic) tumor. The dr told her that it was not malignant, but that it should be removed bc of the pressure it was causing on the surrounding tissues.

benign

134

Marlene underwent surgical resection of her breast mass. Dr. Smith recommended (defifferentiated, modality, adjuvant) therapy bc her tumor was large and she had one positive lymph node.

adjuvant

135

Mr. Elder had difficulty urinating and had an elevated PSA test. Dr. Jones examined him and found a hard prostate gland. (Laparoscopy, Electrocauterization, Biopsy) demonstrated adenocarcinoma

biopsy

136

During the days following her chemo, Doris experienced loss of appetite (fibrosis, nausea, xerostomia). Blood tests revealed low levels of blood cells, indicating (hematopoiesis, myeloma, myelosuppression). Her physician prescribed (EPO, VEGF, DES) for anemia and (Ca, cGy, G-CSF) for leukopenia

-nausea
-myelosuppression
-EPO
-G-CSF

137

After Mr. Smith was diagnosed with lung cancer, his tumor was staged IIIA (T1N0M0, T3N0M0, T1-3N2M0). This indicated findings of (tumor

T1-3N2M0
-tumor with involvement of ipsilateral hilar lymph nodes but no metastases

138

Mr. Smith's dr told him he needed (CA-125, XRT, PSA) bc his tumor was nonoperable and could not be (resected, irradiated, electrocauterized).

-XRT
-resected