Flashcards in Chpt 8,9 Deck (238):
Region in lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the cell.
pregnancy and child birth
*also ov/o, ovul/o
*also o/o, ovul/o
*also ov/o, o/o
*also metr/o, metri/o
bearing, bringing forth
act of turning
no, not, none
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Causes cervical canver
Endometrial tissue located outside the uterus (abnormal location)
-when it affects the ovaries we get large blood-filled cysts ("chocolate cysts")
Large blood-filled cysts that develop when endometriosis affects the ovaries
Benign tumors in the uterus. Also calld leiomyomas or leiomyomata
fibroids (benign tumors of the uterus) also called leiomyomas
BRCA1 and BRCA2
Mutations that greatly incr risk of developing ovarian and breast cancer.
Collections of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary.
another word for dermoid cysts (type of ovarian cyst)-- contain variety of cell types including skin, hair, teeth and cartilage arise from immature egg cells in the ovaries.
-can be malignant
pelvic inflammatory disease (PAD)
Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervitis
-The leading cause of STDs
Sentinel node biopsy (SNB)
To determine of the breast tumor has spread to the lymph nodes.
fibrocystic breast disease
Numerous small sacs of fluid surrounded by dense strands of fibrous tissue in the breast
Premature separation of the normally implanted placenta
-Occurs bc of trauma, like a fall, or hypertension.
Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location.
More than one fetus inside the uterus
Implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus.
Abnormal condition assoc with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache
The final and most severe phase of untreated preeclampsia
-can cause seizure or death in mother and baby
accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain
Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum
Pap test (pap smear)
Microscopic exam of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix to detect abnormalities
Blood or urine test to detect the presence of hCG
X-ray of the breast
Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction
Destruction of tissue by burning
Visual exam of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
Removal of a cone-shaped section (cone biopsy) of the cervix
Use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue
Needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac
dilation (dilitation) and curettage (D&C)
Widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus
Blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization
Needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis
BRCA1 and BRCA 2
Breast cancer 1 and 2
cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
carcinoma in situ
chorionic cillus sampling
dilation (dilitation) and curretage
ductal carcinoma in situ
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
human chorionic gonadotropin
hormone replacement therapy
in vitro fertilization
loop electrocautery excision
last menstrual period
a womans full reproductive history; 2 full-term infants, 0 preterm, 1 abortion and 2 living children.
pelvic inflammatory disease
sentinel lymph node biopsy
sentinel lymph node biopsy
total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
study of the newborn
hormone that stimulates the pregnant uterus to contract
secretion of milk
removal of the entire uterus
inflammation of the neck of the uterus
branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
outermost membrane surrounding the fetus
removal of both fallopian tubes and both ovaries
inflammation of the external female genitalia and vagina
needle puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac
(T/F) After a total (complete) hysterectomy, a woman still has regular menstrual periods.
F- total hysterectomy means removal of the entire uterus so that menstruation does not occur.
(T/F) After a total hysterectomy, a woman may still produce estrogen and progesterone
T- total hysterectomy doesn't mean that the ovaries have been removed.
(T/F) After a total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, a doctor may advise hormone replacement therapy.
T- This may be necessary to treat symptoms of estrogen los and to prevent bone deterioration
(T/F) A pap test can detect cervical dysplasia.
T- a pap test can detect abnormal changes in the cervix from a cervical dysplasia to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
(T/F) Human chorionic gonadotropin is produced by the ovaries during pregnancy.
F- hCG is produced in the PLACENTA during pregnancy
(T/F) Gynecomastia is a common condition in pregnant women.
F- gynecomastia is incr breast development in men
(T/F) Treatment for endometriosis is uterine myomectomy.
F- myomectomy means removal of muscle tumors (fibroids). Endometriosis is abnormal location of uterine tissue outside the uterine lining.
(T/F) A gravida 3 para 2 is a woman who has given birth 3 times.
F- woman who has had 2 children but is pregnant with her 3rd.
(T/F) A null gravida is a woman who is had several pregnancies.
F- no pregnancies
(T/F) Pseudocyesis is the same condition as tubal pregnancy.
F- pseudocyesis is a false pregnancy. A tubal pregnancy is an ex of an ectopic pregnancy.
(T/F) Fibrocystic changes in the breast are a malignant condition.
F- Fibrocystic changes in the breast are a benign condition.
(T/F) Cystadenomas occur in the ovaries.
T- cystadenomas are glandular sacs lined with tumor cells; occur in ovaries
(T/F) FSH and LH are ovarian hormones
F- they are pituitary gland hormones. Estrogen and progesterone are secreted by the ovaries.
no menstrual flow
painful menstrual flow
bleeding from the uterus at irregular intervals
abnormal discharge of milk from the breasts
prolonged menstrual periods occurring at regular intervals
pus in the fallopian tubes
painful sexual intercourse
heavy bleeding at or bw menstrual periods
scanty menstrual flow
chlamydial infection causing inflammation in the lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
condition during pregnancy or shortly thereafter, marked by hypertension, proteinuria, and edema.
uterine tissue located outside the uterus -- for ex, in the ovaries, cul-de-sac, fallopian tubes, or peritoneum.
premature separation of normally implanted placenta
placenta implantation over the cervical opening
more than one fetus inside the uterus
malignant condition that can be diagnosed by a pap test, revealing dysplastic changes in cells
malignant condition of the inner lining of the uterus
benign muscle tumor in the uterus
Dr. Hanson felt it was impt to do a (culdocentesis, Pap test, amniocentesis) once yearly on each of her GYN patients to screen for abnormal cells.
When Doris missed her period, her dr checked for the presence of (LH, IUD, hCG) to see if she was pregnant.
Ellen was 34 weeks pregnant and experiencing head headaches and blurry vision, with a 10 lb weight gain in 2 days. Dr. Murphy told her to go to the obstetric emergency department bc she suspected (preeclampsia, pelvic inflammatory disease, fibroids)
52 y/o Sally noticed increasing pain, fullness, and swelling in her abdomen. She had history of ovarian cancer, so her physician recommended (sentinel node biopsy, pelvic ultrasonography, colposcopy)
Clara knew that she could not ignore her fevers and yellow vaginal discharge and the pain in her side. She had previous episodes of (PMS, PID, HRT) treated with IV antibiotics. She was worried that she might have a recurrence.
After years of trying to become pregnant, Jill decided to speak to her (hematologist, gynecologist, urologist) about in vitro (gestation, parturition, fertilization)
To harvest her ova, Jills physician prescribed hormones to stimulate egg maturation and (coitus, lactation, ovulation). Ova were surgically removed and fertilized with sperm cells in a Petri dish.
Next, multiple embryos were implanted into Jill's (fallopian tube, vagina, uterus), and she received hormones to ensure survival of at least one embryo.
The IVF was successful and after (abdominal CT, ultrasound exam, pelvimetry), Jill was told that she would receive twins in 8.5 months.
At 37 weeks, Jill went into labor. Under continuous (chorionic villus sampling, culdocentesis, fetal monitoring), two healthy infants were delivered vaginally.
At age 41, Carol had a screening (hysterosalpingogram, mammogram, conization) of her breasts. The results shows tiny calcium deposits or calcifications, behind her (areola, chorion, adnexae uteri). A core needle (laparoscopy, colposcopy, biopsy) was performed and shows cells that were in early sign of cancer called (CIN, DCIS, DUB). Her surgical oncologist recommended (lumpectomy, TAH-BSO, chorionic villus sampling) to remove the calcification and surrounding tissue as treatment
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
*also orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
vessel, duct; vas deferens
fixation, put in place
sac of clear fluid in he scrotum
twisting of the spermatic cord
-freq in childhood
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign growth of cells within the prostate gland
Congenital abnormality in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip
Narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis
Bacterial invasion of the urethra and reproductive tract.
Inflammation of the genital tract mucosa, caused by infection with gonoccoci
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
Excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectoscope through the urethra.
benign prostatic hyperplasia
digital rectal examination
herpes simplex virus
prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia
-precursor of prostate cancer
sexually transmitted infection
transurethral resection of the prostate
inflammation of the testes
inflammation of the tube that carries the spermatozoa to the vas deferens
resection of the prostate gland
inflammation of the prostate gland
process of producing (the formation of) sperm cells
fixation of undescended testicle
inflammation of the glans penis
condition of scanty sperm
lack of semen
pertaining to a testicle
(T/F) Cryogenic surgery uses cold temps to destroy tissue.
(T/F) Estrogen is an example of an androgen
F- Estrogen is a female hormone. Androgens are male hormones.
(T/F) Castration (orchiectomy or oophorectomy) is an example of sterilization.
(T/F) A teratoma is a benign tumor of the prostate gland
F- Teratoma is a malignant tumor of the testis
(T/F) Spermolytic means formation of sperm
F- spermolytic is destruction of sperm.
(T/F) Balanitis is inflammation of a testicle
F- Balanitis is inflammation of the glans penus. Orchitis is the inflammation of a testicle
(T/F) Azoospermia causes infertility
(T/F) Aspermia causes intertility
T- semen is discharged backward into the urinary bladder
(T/F) Seminiferous tubules are the interstitial cells of the testes
F- Seminiferous tubules are the parenchymal tissue of the testes
(T/F) Testosterone is produced by the parenchymal tissue of the testes
F- Testosterone is produced by the interstitial cells of the testis
(T/F) Vasectomy produces impotence
F- Vasectomy results in the inability of sperm to leave the body in semen. It does not affect erectile dysfunction and does not reproduce impotence.
(T/F) Vasovasostomy is an anastomosis that can restore fertility (ability to reproduce offspring)
carcinoma of the prostate gland
radical (complete) prostatectomy
sterilization (hormones remain and potency is not impaired)
benign prostatic hyperplasia
photoselective vaporization of the prostate
abnormal collection of fluid in a scrotal sac
reversal of sterilization procedure
embryonal carcinoma of the testes