Chpt 8,9 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chpt 8,9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt 8,9 Deck (238):
1

cul-de-sac

Region in lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the cell.

2

amin/o

amnion

3

bartholin/o

Bartholin gland

4

cervic/o

cervix, neck

5

chori/o, chorion/o

chorion

6

colp/o

vagina
*also vagin/o

7

culd/o

cul-de-sac

8

episi/o

vulva

9

galact/o

milk
*also lact/o

10

gynec/o

women, female

11

hyster/o

uterus, womb

12

lact/o

milk
*also galact/o

13

mamm/o

breast
*also mast/o

14

mast/o

breast
*also mamm/o

15

men/o

menses, menstruation

16

metr/o, metri/o

uterus
*also uter/o

17

my/o

muscle
*also myom/o

18

myom/o

muscle
*also my/o

19

nat/i

birth

20

obstetr/o

pregnancy and child birth

21

o/o

egg
*also ov/o, ovul/o

22

oophor/o

ovary
*also ovari/o

23

ov/o

egg
*also o/o, ovul/o

24

ovari/o

ovary
*also oophor/o

25

ovul/o

egg
*also ov/o, o/o

26

perine/o

perineum

27

phor/o

to bear

28

salping/o

fallopian tubes

29

uter/o

uterus
*also metr/o, metri/o

30

vagin/o

vagina
*also colp/o

31

vulv/o

vulva
*also episi/o

32

-arche

beginning

33

-cyesis

pregnancy

34

-gravida

pregnant

35

pseudo-

false

36

-parous

bearing, bringing forth

37

-rrhea

discharge, flow

38

-salpinx

fallopian tube

39

-tocia

labor, birth

40

-version

act of turning

41

Oxy-

rapid

42

dys-

painful

43

endo-

within

44

in-

in

45

Vol-

to roll

46

intra-

within

47

multi-

many

48

nulli-

no, not, none

49

pre-

before

50

primi-

first

51

retro-

backward

52

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

Causes cervical canver

53

endometriosis

Endometrial tissue located outside the uterus (abnormal location)
-when it affects the ovaries we get large blood-filled cysts ("chocolate cysts")

54

Chocolate cysts

Large blood-filled cysts that develop when endometriosis affects the ovaries

55

fibroids

Benign tumors in the uterus. Also calld leiomyomas or leiomyomata

56

leiomyomata

fibroids (benign tumors of the uterus) also called leiomyomas

57

BRCA1 and BRCA2

Mutations that greatly incr risk of developing ovarian and breast cancer.

58

ovarian cysts

Collections of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary.

59

terat/o

monster

60

teratoma

another word for dermoid cysts (type of ovarian cyst)-- contain variety of cell types including skin, hair, teeth and cartilage arise from immature egg cells in the ovaries.
-can be malignant

61

pelvic inflammatory disease (PAD)

Inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervitis
-The leading cause of STDs

62

Sentinel node biopsy (SNB)

To determine of the breast tumor has spread to the lymph nodes.

63

fibrocystic breast disease

Numerous small sacs of fluid surrounded by dense strands of fibrous tissue in the breast

64

abruptio placentae

Premature separation of the normally implanted placenta
-Occurs bc of trauma, like a fall, or hypertension.

65

ectopic pregnancy

Implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location.

66

multiple gestations

More than one fetus inside the uterus

67

placenta previa

Implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus.

68

preeclampsia

Abnormal condition assoc with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache

69

eclampsia

The final and most severe phase of untreated preeclampsia
-can cause seizure or death in mother and baby

70

hydrocephalus

accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain

71

pyloric stenosis

Narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum

72

Pap test (pap smear)

Microscopic exam of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix to detect abnormalities

73

pregnancy test

Blood or urine test to detect the presence of hCG

74

mammography

X-ray of the breast

75

aspiration

Withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction

76

cauterization

Destruction of tissue by burning

77

colposcopy

Visual exam of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope

78

conization

Removal of a cone-shaped section (cone biopsy) of the cervix

79

cryosurgery

Use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue

80

culdocentesis

Needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac

81

dilation (dilitation) and curettage (D&C)

Widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus

82

tubal litagation

Blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization

83

amniocentesis

Needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis

84

AB

abortion

85

AFP

alpha-fetoprotein

86

BRCA1 and BRCA 2

Breast cancer 1 and 2

87

BSE

breast self-examination

88

C-section

cesarean section

89

CS

cesarean section

90

CIN

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

91

CIS

carcinoma in situ

92

CVS

chorionic cillus sampling

93

Cx

cervix

94

D&C

dilation (dilitation) and curretage

95

DCIS*

ductal carcinoma in situ

96

DUB

dysfunctional uterine bleeding

97

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

98

G

gravida (pregnant)

99

GYN

gynecology

100

hCG, HCG

human chorionic gonadotropin

101

HPV

human papillomavirus

102

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

103

IUD

intrauterine device

104

IVF

in vitro fertilization

105

LEEP

loop electrocautery excision

106

LH

luteinizing hormone

107

LMP*

last menstrual period

108

OB

obstetrics

109

para 2-0-1-2

a womans full reproductive history; 2 full-term infants, 0 preterm, 1 abortion and 2 living children.

110

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

111

PMS

premenstrual syndrome

112

SLN biopsy

sentinel lymph node biopsy

113

SNB

sentinel lymph node biopsy

114

TAH-BSO

total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

115

VH

vaginal hysterectomy

116

study of the newborn

neonatology

117

hormone that stimulates the pregnant uterus to contract

oxytocin

118

secretion of milk

lactation

119

removal of the entire uterus

total hysterectomy

120

inflammation of the neck of the uterus

cervicitis

121

branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth

obstetrics

122

outermost membrane surrounding the fetus

chorion

123

removal of both fallopian tubes and both ovaries

bilaterial salpingo-oophorectomy

124

inflammation of the external female genitalia and vagina

vulvovaginitis

125

needle puncture to remove fluid from the cul-de-sac

culdocentesis

126

(T/F) After a total (complete) hysterectomy, a woman still has regular menstrual periods.

F- total hysterectomy means removal of the entire uterus so that menstruation does not occur.

127

(T/F) After a total hysterectomy, a woman may still produce estrogen and progesterone

T- total hysterectomy doesn't mean that the ovaries have been removed.

128

(T/F) After a total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, a doctor may advise hormone replacement therapy.

T- This may be necessary to treat symptoms of estrogen los and to prevent bone deterioration

129

(T/F) A pap test can detect cervical dysplasia.

T- a pap test can detect abnormal changes in the cervix from a cervical dysplasia to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

130

(T/F) Human chorionic gonadotropin is produced by the ovaries during pregnancy.

F- hCG is produced in the PLACENTA during pregnancy

131

(T/F) Gynecomastia is a common condition in pregnant women.

F- gynecomastia is incr breast development in men

132

(T/F) Treatment for endometriosis is uterine myomectomy.

F- myomectomy means removal of muscle tumors (fibroids). Endometriosis is abnormal location of uterine tissue outside the uterine lining.

133

(T/F) A gravida 3 para 2 is a woman who has given birth 3 times.

F- woman who has had 2 children but is pregnant with her 3rd.

134

(T/F) A null gravida is a woman who is had several pregnancies.

F- no pregnancies

135

(T/F) Pseudocyesis is the same condition as tubal pregnancy.

F- pseudocyesis is a false pregnancy. A tubal pregnancy is an ex of an ectopic pregnancy.

136

(T/F) Fibrocystic changes in the breast are a malignant condition.

F- Fibrocystic changes in the breast are a benign condition.

137

(T/F) Cystadenomas occur in the ovaries.

T- cystadenomas are glandular sacs lined with tumor cells; occur in ovaries

138

(T/F) FSH and LH are ovarian hormones

F- they are pituitary gland hormones. Estrogen and progesterone are secreted by the ovaries.

139

amenorrhea

no menstrual flow

140

dysmenorrhea

painful menstrual flow

141

leukorrhea

while discharge

142

metrorrhagia (definition)

bleeding from the uterus at irregular intervals

143

galactorrhea

abnormal discharge of milk from the breasts

144

menorrhagia (definition)

prolonged menstrual periods occurring at regular intervals

145

pyosalpinx

pus in the fallopian tubes

146

dysparuenia

painful sexual intercourse

147

menometrorrhagia

heavy bleeding at or bw menstrual periods

148

oligomenorrhea

scanty menstrual flow

149

chlamydial infection causing inflammation in the lower, neck-like portion of the uterus

cervicitis

150

condition during pregnancy or shortly thereafter, marked by hypertension, proteinuria, and edema.

preeclampsia

151

uterine tissue located outside the uterus -- for ex, in the ovaries, cul-de-sac, fallopian tubes, or peritoneum.

endometriosis

152

premature separation of normally implanted placenta

abruptio placentae

153

placenta implantation over the cervical opening

placenta previa

154

more than one fetus inside the uterus

multiple gestations

155

malignant condition that can be diagnosed by a pap test, revealing dysplastic changes in cells

cervical carcinoma

156

malignant condition of the inner lining of the uterus

endometrial carcinoma

157

benign muscle tumor in the uterus

leiomyoma

158

Dr. Hanson felt it was impt to do a (culdocentesis, Pap test, amniocentesis) once yearly on each of her GYN patients to screen for abnormal cells.

pap test

159

When Doris missed her period, her dr checked for the presence of (LH, IUD, hCG) to see if she was pregnant.

hCG

160

Ellen was 34 weeks pregnant and experiencing head headaches and blurry vision, with a 10 lb weight gain in 2 days. Dr. Murphy told her to go to the obstetric emergency department bc she suspected (preeclampsia, pelvic inflammatory disease, fibroids)

preeclampsia

161

52 y/o Sally noticed increasing pain, fullness, and swelling in her abdomen. She had history of ovarian cancer, so her physician recommended (sentinel node biopsy, pelvic ultrasonography, colposcopy)

pelvic ultrasonography

162

Clara knew that she could not ignore her fevers and yellow vaginal discharge and the pain in her side. She had previous episodes of (PMS, PID, HRT) treated with IV antibiotics. She was worried that she might have a recurrence.

PID

163

After years of trying to become pregnant, Jill decided to speak to her (hematologist, gynecologist, urologist) about in vitro (gestation, parturition, fertilization)

-gynecologist
-fertilization

164

To harvest her ova, Jills physician prescribed hormones to stimulate egg maturation and (coitus, lactation, ovulation). Ova were surgically removed and fertilized with sperm cells in a Petri dish.

ovulation

165

Next, multiple embryos were implanted into Jill's (fallopian tube, vagina, uterus), and she received hormones to ensure survival of at least one embryo.

uterus

166

The IVF was successful and after (abdominal CT, ultrasound exam, pelvimetry), Jill was told that she would receive twins in 8.5 months.

ultrasound

167

At 37 weeks, Jill went into labor. Under continuous (chorionic villus sampling, culdocentesis, fetal monitoring), two healthy infants were delivered vaginally.

fetal monitoring

168

At age 41, Carol had a screening (hysterosalpingogram, mammogram, conization) of her breasts. The results shows tiny calcium deposits or calcifications, behind her (areola, chorion, adnexae uteri). A core needle (laparoscopy, colposcopy, biopsy) was performed and shows cells that were in early sign of cancer called (CIN, DCIS, DUB). Her surgical oncologist recommended (lumpectomy, TAH-BSO, chorionic villus sampling) to remove the calcification and surrounding tissue as treatment

-mammogram
-areola
-biopsy
-DCIS
-lumpectomy

169

andr/o

male

170

balan/o

glans penis

171

cry/o

cold

172

crypt/o

hidden

173

epididym/o

epididymus

174

gon/o

seed

175

hydr/o

water. fluid

176

orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o

testis, testicle
*also test/o

177

pen/o

penis

178

prostat/o

prostate

179

semin/i

semen, seed

180

sperm/o, spermat/o

spermatozoa, semen

181

test/o

testis, testicles
*also orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o

182

varic/o

varicose veins

183

vas/o

vessel, duct; vas deferens

184

zo/o

animal life

185

-genesis

formation

186

-one

hormone

187

-pexy

fixation, put in place

188

cryptorchidism; cryptorchism

undescended testicles

189

hydrocele

sac of clear fluid in he scrotum

190

testicular torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord
-freq in childhood

191

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign growth of cells within the prostate gland

192

hypospadias

Congenital abnormality in which the male urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis, instead of at its tip

193

phimosis

Narrowing (stricture) of the opening of the prepuce over the glans penis

194

phim/o

muzzle

195

chlamydial infection

Bacterial invasion of the urethra and reproductive tract.

196

gonorrhea

Inflammation of the genital tract mucosa, caused by infection with gonoccoci

197

transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

Excision of benign prostatic hyperplasia using a resectoscope through the urethra.

198

BPH

benign prostatic hyperplasia

199

DRE

digital rectal examination

200

ED

erectile dysfunction

201

GU

genitourinary

202

HSV

herpes simplex virus

203

PIN

prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia
-precursor of prostate cancer

204

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

205

STI

sexually transmitted infection

206

TRUS

transrectal ultrasound

207

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

208

inflammation of the testes

orchitis

209

inflammation of the tube that carries the spermatozoa to the vas deferens

epididymitis

210

resection of the prostate gland

prostatectomy

211

inflammation of the prostate gland

prostatitis

212

process of producing (the formation of) sperm cells

spermatogenesis

213

fixation of undescended testicle

orchiopexy

214

inflammation of the glans penis

balanitis

215

condition of scanty sperm

oligospermia

216

lack of semen

aspermia

217

pertaining to a testicle

testicular

218

(T/F) Cryogenic surgery uses cold temps to destroy tissue.

T

219

(T/F) Estrogen is an example of an androgen

F- Estrogen is a female hormone. Androgens are male hormones.

220

(T/F) Castration (orchiectomy or oophorectomy) is an example of sterilization.

T

221

(T/F) A teratoma is a benign tumor of the prostate gland

F- Teratoma is a malignant tumor of the testis

222

(T/F) Spermolytic means formation of sperm

F- spermolytic is destruction of sperm.

223

(T/F) Balanitis is inflammation of a testicle

F- Balanitis is inflammation of the glans penus. Orchitis is the inflammation of a testicle

224

(T/F) Azoospermia causes infertility

T

225

(T/F) Aspermia causes intertility

T- semen is discharged backward into the urinary bladder

226

(T/F) Seminiferous tubules are the interstitial cells of the testes

F- Seminiferous tubules are the parenchymal tissue of the testes

227

(T/F) Testosterone is produced by the parenchymal tissue of the testes

F- Testosterone is produced by the interstitial cells of the testis

228

(T/F) Vasectomy produces impotence

F- Vasectomy results in the inability of sperm to leave the body in semen. It does not affect erectile dysfunction and does not reproduce impotence.

229

(T/F) Vasovasostomy is an anastomosis that can restore fertility (ability to reproduce offspring)

T

230

carcinoma of the prostate gland

radical (complete) prostatectomy

231

cryptorchidism

orchiopexy

232

sterilization (hormones remain and potency is not impaired)

vasectomy

233

benign prostatic hyperplasia

photoselective vaporization of the prostate

234

abnormal collection of fluid in a scrotal sac

hydrocelectomy

235

reversal of sterilization procedure

vasovasostomy

236

embryonal carcinoma of the testes

orchiectomy

237

phimosis

circumcision

238

ligation of swollen, twisted veins above the testes.

varicocelectomy