Chpt 18 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chpt 18 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt 18 Deck (102):
1

aden/o

gland

2

adrenal/o

adrenal gland

3

gonad/o

sex glands (ovaries and testes)

4

-tropin

to act on

5

pancreat/o

pancreas

6

parathyroid/o

parathyroid

7

pituitar/o

pituitary gland

8

thyr/o

thyroid gland
*also thryroid/o

9

thyroid/o

thyroid gland
*also thyr/o

10

andr/o

male

11

calc/o, calci/o

calcium

12

cortic/o

cortex, outer region

13

crin/o

secrete

14

dips/o

thirst

15

estr/o

female

16

gluc/o

sugar
*also glyc/o

17

glyc/o

sugar
*also gluc/o

18

home/o

sameness

19

-stasis

to control

20

hormon/o

hormone

21

kak/i

potassium

22

lact/o

milk

23

myx/o

mucus

24

-in

substance

25

prolactin

substance before milk

26

myxedema

collection of mucus

27

natr/o

sodium

28

phys/o

growing

29

somat/o

body

30

ster/o

solid-structure

31

toc/o

childbirth

32

oxy-

rapid, sharp, acid

33

toxic/o

poison

34

ur/o

urine

35

-agon

assemble, gather together

36

-emia

blood condition

37

-ine

substance

38

-tropin

stimulating the function of (to turn or act on)

39

-uria

urine condition

40

eu-

good, normal

41

hyper-

excessive, above

42

hypo-

deficient, below

43

pan-

all

44

hyperthyroidism

overactivity of the thyroidggland; thyrotoxicosis
-(graves disease) causes exophthalmos and goiter

45

exophthalmos

-protrusion of the eyeballs
-due to hyperthyroidism (grave's disease)

46

Graves disease

-most common form of hyperthyroidism

47

adrenal virilism

excessive secretion of adrenal androgens

48

Cushing syndrome

Group of signs and symptoms produced by excess cortisol from the adrenal cortex.
-obesity, fullness of face, fat in thoracic region of back (buffalo hump), hyperglycemia, hypernatremia, hypokalemia, osteoporosis, virilization, hypertension.

49

Addison disease

Hypo-functioning of the adrenal cortex

50

Pheochromocytoma

Benign tumor of the adrenal medulla
-tumor cells stain a dark (phe/o) color (chrom/o)

51

diabetes mellitus (DM)

Lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar, starch, and fat metabolism in cells.
-Mellitus means sweet
-Type 1 and 2

52

Type 1 diabetes

-type of diabetes mellitus
-autoimmune disease

53

Type 2 diabetes

-type of diabetes mellitus
-patients older than type 1 and its familial

54

Secondary (long term) complications of diabetes mellitus

-may appear years after development of diabetes
-diabetic retinopathy --> vision loss
-diabetic nephropathy --> destr of kidneys
-atherosclerosis --> stroke, ischemia, heart disease
-diabetic neuropathy --> destr of nerves
-gastropariesis --> paralysis of GI (loss of gastric motility)

55

gestational diabetes

-result of hormonal changes during pregnancy

56

acromegaly

Hypersecretion of growth hormone from anterior pituitary AFTER puberty, leading to enlargement of extremities

57

gigantism

Hyper secretion of growth hormone from anterior pituitary BEFORE puberty, leading to abnormal overgrowth of body tissues

58

panhypopituitarism

Deficiency in all pituitary hormones

59

syndrome of inappropriate ADH (SIADH)

Excessive secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

60

diabetes insipidus (DI)

Insufficient secretion of ADH (vasopressin), so kidneys can't retain water --> polyuria, polydipsia
-Insipidus = tastless

61

ACTH

adrenocorticotropic hormone

62

ADH

anti-diuretic hormone (vasopressin)

63

DI

diabetes insipidus

64

DKA

diabetic ketoacidosis

65

DM

diabetes mellitus

66

FBG

fasting blood glucose

67

FBS

fasting blood sugar

68

FSH

follicle stimulating hormone

69

GH

growth hormone

70

HbA(1c)/ HBA1C test

test for presence of glucose attached to hemoglobin

71

hCG/ HCG

human chorionic gonadotropin

72

LH

luteinizing hormone

73

OT

oxytocin

74

OXT

oxytocin

75

PRL

prolactin

76

PTH

parathyroid hormone (parathormone)

77

SIADH

syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone

78

T3

triiodothyronine

79

T4

thyroxine (tetraiodothyronine)

80

TSH

thyroid-stimulating hormone

81

abnormal condition (poison) of they thyroid gland

thyrotoxicosis

82

removal of the pancreas

pancreatectomy

83

condition of deficiency or underdevelopment of the sex organs

hypogonadism

84

pertaining to producing female (characteristics)

estrogenic

85

removal of the pituitary gland

hypophysectomy

86

deficiency of calcium in the blood

hypocalcemia

87

excessive sugar in the blood

hyperglycemia

88

inflammation of the thyroid gland

thyroiditis

89

specialist in the study of hormone disorders

endocrinologist

90

hyponatremia

condition of deficient sodium in the blood

91

polydipsia

condition of increased thirst

92

hyperkalemia

condition of excessive potassium in the blood

93

glycosuria

condition of sugar in the urine

94

euthyroid

normal thyroid

95

hyperthyroidism (word)

condition of excessive thyroid hormone

96

tetany

constant muscle contraction (result of hypoparathyroidism)

97

ketoacidosis

condition of excessive ketones (acids) in blood
-result of diabetes mellitus

98

Phyllis was diagnosed with Graves disease when her husband notices her (panhypopituitarism, hirtuism, exophthalmos). Her eyes were bulging out

-exophthalmos

99

Helen had a primary brain tumor called (pituitary, thyroid, adrenal) adenoma. Her entire endocrine system was disrupted, and her physician recommended surgery and radiation therapy to relive her symptoms.

pituitary

100

Bobby was brought into the ER bc he was found passed out in the kitchen. He had forgotten his insulin and had developed (Cushing disease, hyperparathyroidism, diabetic ketoacidosis)

-diabetic ketoacidosis

101

Bc her 1-hr test of blood sugar was slightly abnormal, Selma's obstetrician ordered a (glucose tolerance test, thyroid function test, Pap smear) to rule out gestational (hyperthyroidism, chlamydial infection, diabetes)

-glucose tolerance test
-diabetes

102

Mary notices that she had gained weight recently and that her face had a moon-like fullness with new heavy hair growth. Blood and urine tests showed excessive secretion of adrenal (mineralcorticoids, catecholamines, glucocorticoids). Her diagnostic work-up included a/an (CT scan of the abdomen, MRI study of the head, chest x-ray), which revealed enlargement of both (kidneys, adrenal glands, lobes of the brain). Her doctor made the diagnosis of (Graves disease, Cushing syndrome, Addison disease).

-mineralcorticoids
-CT of the abdomen
-adrenal glands
-Cushing syndrome