Flashcards in Chpt 15, & 16 Deck (205):
Bones are composed of a type of connective tissue called ___
Bone of a fetus are mainly composed of?
Large bone cells called _____ digest bone tissue to shape the bone and smooth it out.
2 mineral substances needed for bone development are?
Calcium & Phosphorous
Round, small bone covering the knee joint is a/an ?
Shaft of a long bone is the?
Ends of a long bone are the?
Cartilaginous area at the end of a long bond where growth takes place is the _____
Red bone marrow is found in spongy or ______ bone.
Cancellous or trabecular
Yellow bond marrow is compose of ______ tissue.
The strong membrane surrounding the surface of a bone is the?
Hard, dense bone tissue lying under the periosteum is ______.
A series of canals containing blood vessels lie within the outer dense tissue of bone and are called the ______ canals.
A thin layer of cartilage covering the ends of bones at the joints is ______ .
The ______ is a central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of long bones.
Two physicians who treat bones and bone diseases are a/an ______ and a/an ______ .
Orthopedist & Osteopath
A practitioner who manipulates the patient's spinal column to relieve pressure on nerves is a/an ______
Medical doctor who specializes in restoring patients to function activity after injuries to bones, nerves, and muscles is a/an ______.
Space through which the spinal cord passes
Piece of cartilage between 2 vertebrae
Posterior part of a vertebra
Anterior part of a vertebra
Name the 5 divisions of the spinal column
Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal
Upper arm bone
Forearm bone (little finger side)
Forearm bone (thumb side)
3 parts of the pelvis
Ilium, Ischium, Pubis
Opening of the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes.
Lateral extension of the scalpula
Lower portion of the sternum
Portion of the vertebral arch
The bulge on either side of the ankle joint (lower end of the tibia is the medial malleolus and the lower end of the fibula is the lateral malleolus).
Depression of the pelvis in which the femur bone fits.
Area of convergence of the 2 pubic bones, at the midline
Bony process at the proximal end of the ulna; elbow joint
Soft spot between the bones of the skill in an infant.
Round process on the temporal bone behind the ear
Pole-like process projecting downward from the temporal bone.
Process of forming bone
Abnormal condition of the vertebrae - degenerative changes in the spine
Formation of bone
Removal of hand bones
Poor bone development
Removal of the lamina of the vertebral arch
Formation of bone marrow
Benign tumors arising from the bone surface
Brittle bone disease
Lateral curvature of the spine
Anterior curvature of the spine
Forward slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra over a lower vertebra
Instrument to cut bone
Malignant tumor of bone in children -- often involving entire shaft of long bone
Metastatic bone lesion
Malignant tumor that has spread to bone from breast, kidney, lung or prostate
Break in bone with wound in skin
Break in bone without wound in skin
Bone is put in proper place after incision of skin
Immoveable joint, as in the skull bones
Connective tissue that binds muscle to bone
Another term for joint
Connective tissue that binds bones to other bones
Sac of fluid near a joint
Inflammation surrounding a joint
Abnormal condition of blood in the joint
Inflammation of a sac of fluid near the joint
Doctor who specialized in the treatment of joint disorders
Abnormal condition of a stiffened, immobile joint
Suture of a tendon
An inherited condition in which the bones of the arms and legs fail to grow normally because of a defect in cartilage and bone formation; type of dwarfism.
Degenerative joint disease; chronic inflammation of bones and joints
Chronic joint disease; inflamed and painful joints owing to autoimmune reaction against normal joint tissue, and synovial membranes become swollen and thickened.
Inflammation of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body (hyperuricemia)
Abnormal swelling of a metatarsophalangeal joint
Cystic mass arising from a tendon in the wrist
Chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, especially of the spine (vertebrae)
Chronic inflammation disease not only affecting the joints but the skin (butterfly rash on the face), kidneys, heart, and lungs.
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Inflammation of a tendon sheath
Compression of the median nerve in the wrist as it passes through an area between a ligament, tendons, bones, and connective tissue
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Displacement of a bone from its joint
Partial or incomplete displacement of a bone from the joint
Surgical fixation of a joint (binding together by fusing the joint surfaces)
Fever; increase in body temp
Pain in a big toe from gouty arthritis
Pain radiating from the back to the leg (along the sciatic nerve); most commonly caused by a protruding intervertebral disk.
Herniation of an intervertebral disk
Protrusion of a disk into the neural canal or the spinal nerves
Removal of a portion of the vertebral arch (lamina) to relieve pressure from a protruding intervertebral disk.
Traume to a joint with pain, swelling, and injury to ligaments
overstretching of a muscle
High levels of uric acid in the bloodstream; present in gouty arthritis.
Fibrous membrane separating and enveloping muscles
Connection of the muscle to a stationary bone
Connection of the muscle to a bone that moves
Turning the palm down
Malignant tumor of smooth muscle
Benign tumor of striated muscle
Group of inherited muscular diseases marked by the progressive weakness and degeneration of muscles without nerve involvement.
Amyotropic lateral sclerosis
Muscles degenerate (paralysis occurs) owing to degeneration of nerves in the spinal cord and lower region of the brain; Lou Gehrigs disease
Deficiency of flash (muscle mass)
Range of motion
Total hip replacement (arthroplasty)
Bleeding disorders can lead to this accumulation of blood in and around a joint
Inflammation of a bursa causes this abnormality
Physicians (nonsurgical) who specialize in joint problems, such as arthritis.
Physicians who treat (surgically and medically) bone, joint and muscle conditions.
Medical doctors whose focus is on rehabilitation after injure or illness to muscles, bones and nerves.
Rare malignant tumor arising in bone; most often occurring in children.
Bony growth (benign) arising from the surface of bone.
Incision made for access to the fracture site.
Osteogenic sarcoma (definition)
Common malignant tumor arising from osteoblasts, found primarily in children and adolescents.
Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection. Bacteria enter the body through a wound and spread to the bone.
Decrease in bone density (mass); thinning and weakening of bone.
Congenital abnormality of the hindfoot (involving the talus). Clubfoot is the most common.
Closed sacs of synovial fluid lined with synovial membrane and are lovated near byt not within a joint.
to bind/ tie together
Chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening or joints, primarily of the spine.
gouty arthritis (gout)
Inflammation and painful swelling of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body
Osteoarthritis (definition) (OA)
Progressive, degenerative joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone at articular surfaces.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
Chronic joint condition with inflammation and pain; caused by an autoimmune reaction against joint tissue, particularly the synovial membrane.
Trauma to ligaments without rupture
fibrous connective tissue
lack of strength
skeletal (striated) muscle
Dystrophy = abnormal development
Group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system.
taking x-ray images after injection of contrast material into a joint.
bone density test (bone densitometry)
low-energy x-ray absorption in bones of the spinal column, pelvis, and wrist is used to measure bone mass.
Contagious parasitic infection with intense pruritis
Another word to rubeola
thickened excess cicatrix (scar)
white patches on mucous membrane of tongue or inner cheek
characterized by a rash
thickening of epidermis related to sunlight exposure
small pinpoint hemorrhages
hyperpigmented macule or papule of the skin (mole)
another word for wart
sac of fluid and hair over sacral region
acute allergic reaction where hives develop
describe a second degree burn
damage to epidermis and dermis with blisters, erythemia and hyperesthesia.
describe a first degree burn
damage to epidermis with erythemia and hyperesthesia, but no blisters.
describe a third degree burn
destruction of both dermis and epidermis and damage to subcutaneous layer.
Another word for rash
another word for baldness
another word for bedsore
"black and blue" mark
another word for itching
How does pyoderma affect the skin
collection of pus in the skin
How does xerosis affect the skin
How does leukoderma affect the skin
white patches of the skin
How does a callus affect the skin
increased growth of cells in the epidermal layer caused by pressure or friction
How does a keloid affect the skin
thickened, hypertrophies scar tissue
A surgical procedure to core out a disk of skin for microscopic analysis is a/an
The procedure in which thin layers of a malignant growth are removed and each is examined under the microscope is ______
A type of skin cancer associated with AIDS and marked by dark blue-purple lesions over this skin is ______
Abnormla, premalignant moles are ______
Removal of skin tissue using a cut parallel to the surface of the surrounding skin is called a/an ______
Destruction of tissue using intensely cold temperatures is ______
Scraping away skin to remove acne scars and fine wrinkles on the skin is ______
Removal of subcutaneous fat tissue by aspiration is ______
Destruction of tissue using an electric spark is ______
Use of a sharp, spoon-like instrument to scrape away tissue is ______
an inherited condition in which the bones of the arms and the legs fail to grow normally because of a defect in cartilage and bone formation; type for dwarfism
inflammation of a tendon sheath
partial or incomplete displacement of a bone from the joint
pain radiating from the back to the the leg (along the sciatic nerve). Usually caused by a protruding intervertebral disk
crooked, bent (lateral curvature)
The half-moon-shaped white area at the base of the nail is the ______
deepest region of the epidermis
the outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized cells, is the ______
inflammation and swelling of soft tissue around a nail is ______
2 words for fungal infection of hands at feet
dermatophytosis & dermatomycosis
burning sensation (pain) in skin ___
abnormal condition of excessive hair growth
thickening of epidermis related to sunlight exposure
loss of pigment in the skin
pertaining to/ full of
loss of pigmentation in the skin
pertaining to/ full of
black as coal