Chpt. 3 - Review Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chpt. 3 - Review Questions Deck (25):
1

A neuroleptanalgesic is a combination of?

An opioid and a tranquilizer

2

True or false:
Most preanesthetics will not cross the placental border.

False

3

True or false:
It is recommended that atropine not be given to an animal that has tachycardia.

True

4

Anticholinergic drugs such as atropine block the release of acetylcholine at the ???

Muscarinic receptors of the parasympathetic system.

5

True or false:
High doses of opioids can cause bradycardia and respiratory depression.

True

6

Severe bradycardia caused by dexmedetomidine is best treated with what drug?

Atipamezole

7

Opioids may be reversed with?

Naloxone

8

Which drug will precipitate out when mixed with other drugs or solutions?

Diazepam

9

Etomidate is particularly well suited for induction of dogs with which problems?

Severe cardiac disease

10

Name an example of a dissociative anesthetic.

Ketamine hydrochloride

11

True or false:
One of the disadvantages of the drug methohexital is that animals that are anesthetized with it may demonstrate excitement during recovery.

True

12

Compared with methoxyflurane, isoflurane is considered to have a:
a. Higher vapor pressure
b. Similar vapor pressure
c. Lower vapor pressure

a. Higher vapor pressure

13

An anesthetic agent that has a low blood-gas partition coefficient will result in ... induction and recovery time.
a. Slow
b. Moderate
c. Fast

c. Fast

14

Which of the following has the lowest blood-gas partition coefficient?
a. Halothane
b. Isoflurane
c. Methoxyflurane
d. Sevoflurane

d. Sevoflurane

15

As a rough guideline, to safely maintain a surgical plane of anesthesia, the vaporizer should be set at about?

1.5 x MAC

16

Propofol sometimes causes transient apnea. To avoid this, the anesthetist should do what?

Titrate this drug in several boluses.

17

One problem frequently associated with recovery from tiletamine-zolazepam in dogs is?

Excitement

18

The concentration of barbiturate entering the brain is affected by a variety of factors such as?

- Perfusion of the brain
- Lipid solubility of the drug
- Plasma protein levels
- Blood pH

19

Effects that are commonly seen after administration of a dissociative include?

- Increased blood pressure
- Increased heart rate
- Increased CSF pressure
- Increased intraocular pressure

20

Adverse effects common with isoflurane include?

Depression of respiration

21

MAC will vary with?

- Body temperature of PT
- Age of PT
- Concurrent use of other drugs
- Anesthetic agent

22

Factors that may affect the speed of anesthetic induction with a volatile gaseous anesthetic include?

- Partition coefficient of the agent
- Vaporizer setting

23

Name two alpha2-agonists.

Xylazine
Dexmedetomidine

24

Effects that atropine may have on the body include?

- Decreased salivation
- Decreased GI motility
- Mydriasis

25

Characteristic effects of the benzodiazepines include?

- Muscle relaxation
- Minimal effect on cardiovascular system