Chpt. 12 - Key Terms Flashcards Preview

Anesthesia > Chpt. 12 - Key Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt. 12 - Key Terms Deck (13):
1

Agonal

An abnormal breathing pattern seen during cardiopulmonary arrest, characterized by gasping and labored breathing.

2

Ambu bag

A brand name of a self-inflating reservoir bag used to provide manual ventilation when an anesthetic machine is not available.

3

CABDE

Circulation
Airway
Breathing
Drugs
ECG

4

Functional residual volume

The amount of air left in the lungs after expiration.

5

Opisthotonus

A severe spasm in which the back arches and the feet and head flex dorsally. Has several causes including drug reactions and brain lesions.

6

Physiologic anemia

A relative decrease in RBC mass caused by an increase in plasma volume without a corresponding increase in the number of RBCs. Seen in pregnant patients.

7

Pleural effusion

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the space between the lungs and the chest wall (pleural space).

8

Pneumothorax

The presence of air in the space between the lungs and the chest wall (pleural space) associated with collapse of the lungs.

9

Pulmonary contusions

Bruising of lung tissue caused by blunt trauma.

10

Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC)

Cardiac compression as done in CPR assists in spontaneous circulation returning

11

Sequestration

Loss of blood or plasma into tissues or spaces within the body, resulting in a decreased circulating blood volume.

12

Stertor

A heavy snoring sound during inspiration; often caused by partial upper airway obstruction. Seen in patients with laryngospasm, laryngeal edema, and in brachycephalic dogs.

13

Thoracocentesis

Surgical puncture of the pleural space with a needle or tube for the purpose of removing fluid or air.