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Flashcards in Chpt. 2 - Review Questions Deck (20):
1

In gathering a patient history, which of the following would be the best way to frame a question about a patient's exercise level?
a. "Your dog does not exercise much, does he, Mrs. Jones?"
b. "Does your dog exercise, Mrs. Jones?"
c. "How many times a week does your pet go for a walk or exercise, Mrs. Jones?"
d. "You don't give your dog as much exercise as you should, do you, Mrs. Jones?"

c. "How many times a week does your pet go for a walk or exercise, Mrs. Jones?"

2

Which of the following examples of species associations is not correct?
a. Horses and cats are more sensitive to opioids than dogs and ruminants.
b. The use of anticholinergics is recommended in ruminants to avoid airway occlusion.
c. Horses may fracture limbs during anesthetic recovery and thus require special attention during the recovery period.
d. Large animals are prone to respiratory depression and dependent atelectasis and thus often require ventilatory support.

b. The use of anticholinergics is recommended in ruminants to avoid airway occlusion.

3

Which of the following statements regarding physical examination findings is incorrect?
a. Dehydration increases the risk for hypotension.
b. Anemia predisposes the patient to hypoxemia.
c. Patients with bruising may be at higher risk for potentially life-threatening intraoperative and postoperative bleeding.
d. A dog with a BCS of 8/9 will require more anesthetic per unit body weight than a dog of the same breed with a BCS of 5/9.

d. A dog with a BCS of 8/9 will require more anesthetic per unit body weight than a dog of the same breed with a BCS of 5/9.

4

You are evaluating a patient's LOC and find the patient in a sleeplike state, nonresponsive to a verbal stimulus but arousable by a painful stimulus. This patient is:
a. Lethargic
b. Obtunded
c. Stuporous
d. Comatose

c. Stuporous

5

You are evaluating a patient's hydration. The skin elasticity is somewhat slowed, the patient's MMs are tacky, the CRT is 1.5 seconds, but the eyes are in a normal position in the orbit. Your patient is:
a. Approx. 5% to 6% dehydrated
b. Approx. 6% to 8% dehydrated
c. Approx. 8% to 10% dehydrated
d. Approx. 12% to 15% dehydrated

b. Approx. 6% to 8% dehydrated

6

Which of the following fasting times is least advisable?
a. Dog: 8 to 12 hours
b. Horse: 2 to 4 hours
c. Cow: 24 to 48 hours
d. Small ruminant: 12 to 18 hours

b. Horse: 2 to 4 hours

7

Which of the following is not a crystalloid solution?
a. Lactated Ringer's solution
b. Normal saline solution
c. Dextran
d. 5% Dextrose

c. Dextran

8

Using the ASA Physical Status Classification system, a patient that is moderately anemic or moderately dehydrated would be classified as:
a. Class P1
b. Class P2
c. Class P3
d. Class P4
e. Class P5

c. Class P3

9

Which of the following signs of disease in a calm canine patient would be most significant in terms of the potential to increase the risk of anesthesia?
a. Increased respiratory effort
b. Lethargy
c. A body temperature of 103.4*F
d. A sinus arrhythmia

a. Increased respiratory effort

10

Which of the following species or breeds must be watched especially closely during any anesthetic procedure to ensure a patent airway?
a. Brachiocephalic breeds
b. Exotic breeds
c. Cats and horses
d. Sighthounds

a. Brachiocephalic breeds

11

Using the standard fluid infusion rate of 10 mL/kg/hr for the first hour, and a macrodrip administration set with a delivery rate of 15 gtt/mL, a 53-lb patient would require which of the following infusion and drip rates?
a. 530 mL/hr; 2.2 gtt/sec
b. 240 mL/hr; 2 gtt/sec
c. 240 mL/hr; 1 gtt/2 seconds
d. 240 mL/hr; 1 gtt/sec

d. 240 mL/hr; 1 gtt/sec
(53 lbs = 24.09 kg; 24.09 x 10mL/hr = 240.9 mL/hr; 241 mL/hr x 15 gtt/mL : 60 min = 60.25 gtt/min; 60.25 gtt/min : 60 min = 1 gtt/sec)

12

Which of the following statements regarding IV catheter placement and use in surgery patients is incorrect?
a. Choose an administration set with an injection port.
b. Give all IV drugs slowly unless told otherwise.
c. Always follow IV injections through a catheter with sterile saline flush.
d. Choose a catheter that is small in diameter to minimize the risk of bleeding.

d. Choose a catheter that is small in diameter to minimize the risk of bleeding.

13

Which of the following general guidelines about body fluids in a normal adult animal is incorrect?
a. About 40% of the body weight is water.
b. About 2/3 of the total body water is inside the cells.
c. Blood plasma makes up about 5% of the total body weight.
d. Dogs have a larger total blood volume than cats.

a. About 40% of the body weight is water.

14

The fluid type most appropriate to replace moderate losses from dehydration would be:
a. Colloids
b. Hypertonic saline
c. Isotonic crystalloids
d. 50% Dextrose

c. Isotonic crystalloids

15

Which of the following figures represents a fluid "infusion rate" as defined in this chapter?
a. 10 mL/kg/hr
b. 100 mL/hr
c. 1 gtt/sec
d. 500 mL total

b. 100 mL/hr

16

The delivery rate of a microdrip administration set is:
a. 10 gtt/mL only
b. 10 or 15 gtt/mL
c. 20 or 60 gtt/mL
d. 60 gtt/mL

d. 60 gtt/mL

17

Which of the following statements regarding electrolyte composition of fluids is incorrect?
a. Extracellular fluid contains more sodium than intracellular fluid.
b. Intracellular fluid contains more potassium than intravascular fluid.
c. The osmolarity of intracellular fluid is similar to that of extracellular fluid.
d. Intravascular fluid has more negatively charged particles than positively charged particles.

d. Intravascular fluid has more negatively charged particles than positively charged particles.

18

Regarding fluid infusion rates:
a. Standard shock doses of fluids are about the same as doses used during routine surgery.
b. Surgery patients with blood loss may require colloids instead of crystalloids.
c. Crystalloids are generally given at lower administration rates than colloids.
d. Hypertonic saline is administered in large volumes to patients in shock.

b. Surgery patients with blood loss may require colloids instead of crystalloids.

19

Which of the following is not a sign of fluid overload?
a. Ocular and nasal discharge
b. Hypotension
c. Increased lung sounds and respiratory rate
d. Dyspnea

b. Hypotension

20

Which of the following heart rhythms is not normal in a resting horse?
a. NSR
b. SA
c. Second-degree AV block
d. Third-degree AV block

d. Third-degree AV block