Flashcards in Chronic Leukemia Deck (25):
A neoplastic proliferation of mature circulating lymphocytes that is characterized by a high WBC count…
A disease of neoplastic proliferation of naïve B cells…
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
What are the two markers that are co-expressed with naïve B cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia?
CD5 and CD20
What is seen on the blood smear of a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia?
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia can involve the lymph nodes causing a lymphadenopathy. What is this called?
Small lymphocytic lymphoma
What are the 3 major complications seen with chronic lymphocytic leukemia?
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Richter transformation—a transformation to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
What is Richter transformation?
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia transforming into a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
What marks Richter transformation seen with chronic lymphocytic leukemia clinically?
Enlarging lymph node or spleen
What is the most common cause of death seen in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia?
Why is infection the most common cause of death in chronic lymphocytic leukemia?
Due to hypogammaglobulinemia
A neoplastic proliferation of mature B cells that is characterized by hairy cytoplasmic processes?
Hairy cell leukemia
Hairy cell leukemia cells are positive for what?
Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)
What are the clinical features seen with hairy cell leukemia?
Dry tap on bone marrow aspiration
What causes the splenomegaly seen with hairy cell leukemia?
Accumulation of hairy cells in RED PULP
This is different from other leukemias because the cells usually accumulate in the white pulp
What is the best treatment for hairy cell leukemia?
What is the mechanism of action for 2-CDA (cladribine) when treating hairy cell leukemia?
2-CDA is an adenosine deaminase inhibitor and causes adenosine to accumulate in the neoplastic B cells causing death of the cells
A disease involving neoplastic proliferation of mature CD4+ T cells?
Adult T-cell leukemia/Lymphoma
What marker is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma?
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma is most commonly seen in what areas of the world?
What are the clinical features seen with Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma?
Lytic bone lesions with hypercalcemia—don’t confuse with multiple myeloma!
A neoplastic proliferation of mature CD4+ T cells that infiltrate the skin?
What is produced by mycosis fungoides due the infiltration of the skin?
Localized skin rash, plaques, and nodules
What are pautrier microabscesses seen with mycosis fungoides?
Aggregates of neoplastic cells in the epidermis
Mycosis fungoides cells can spread to involve the blood. This pathogenesis causes what syndrome to occur?