Flashcards in Chronic Lung Infections Deck (12):
How does chronic lung sepsis present?
Shadow on CXR
Risk factors for developing chronic lung infection
What immunodeficiencies can lead to chronic lung infections?
- IgA deficiency is common
- Hypogammaglobulinaemia is rare
- Common Variable Immunodeficiency is the commonest
- Specific Polysaccharide Antibody Deficiency
What do Kartagener syndrome and Youngs syndrome cause?
Abnormal cilia and hence defective defence
What can result in recurrent aspiration?
Poor swallow (MND)
What forms of chronic infection are there?
Chronic bronchial sepsis
What infections typically precedes an Intrapulmonary abscess?
Staph aureus -> cavitating pneumonia -> abscess
- E. coli
- Gram negatives
What is empyema?
Pus in the pleural space
How do we diagnose chronic pulmonary infections?
- Slow to resolve pneumonia
- Persisting effusion
- D sign
What is the broad treatment of infection?
Amoxicillin + Metronidazole + Gentamicin
What is bronchiectasis?
Localised, irreversible bronchial tree dilation