Flashcards in Respiratory Tract Infection Deck (18):
What are the clinical features of acute bronchitis?
What antibiotics are used to treat an infective exacerbation of COPD?
Doxycycline or amoxicillin
What drugs can be used to treat influenza?
What bacteria cause TB?
What is the primary test for TB?
What stain is used for TB culture?
ZN Acid-Fast bacilli
What is IGRA testing?
Interferon Gamma Release Assay testing
- current TB
- previously treated TB
- latent TB
How is TB treated?
Rifampicin, Isoniazid, Pyrazinamide and Ethambutol for initial 2 months
Rifampicin and Isoniazid for a further 4 months
How is latent TB treated?
Prior to immunosuppressive therapy (infliximab, etanercept, adalimumab, rituximab)
3 months of Isoniazid and Rifampicin
What drugs is MDR-TB resistant to?
What drugs is XDR-TB resistant to?
What is the causative organism in acute epiglottitis?
How does acute epiglottitis present?
Treatment of Haemophilus influenzae
What are the first and second line treatments in infective exacerbations of COPD?
1st line - Amoxicillin (500mg TID for 5 days)
2nd line - Doxycycline (200mg on day 1 then 100mg OD for 4 days)
What symptoms would a Bordetella pertussis infection cause?
What is a Ghon focus indicative of?
Primary TB in mid lung peripheries