Oncology Flashcards Preview

Year 1 - Respiratory (DP) > Oncology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Oncology Deck (12):
0

Clinical presentation of lung cancer

Haemoptysis
Recurrent pneumonia
Volume loss
Stridor

1

Why could lung cancer cause voice hoarseness?

Invasion of recurrent laryngeal nerve paralyses vocal cords

2

If a tumour invades the brachial plexus it is known as what? What is the sequence of events leading to this?

Pancoast tumour
Erodes through ribs
T1 root invasion

3

Where are common sites of metastasis?

Brain
Liver
Bone
Adrenal gland
Skin

4

What are the paraneoplastic effects of lung cancer?

Clubbing
Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy
- Periosteum elevates from bone
Weight loss
Thrombophlebitis
Hyper calcareous
Hyponatraemia

5

PTH secreting lung tumour

Squamous cell carcinoma

6

ACTH secreting lung tumour

Small cell Cancer

7

Types of lung cancer?

Small cell carcinoma
Non-small cell
- Adenocarcinoma
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Large cell carcinoma

8

Which type is most chemosensitive?

Small cell carcinoma

9

Where are adenocarcinomas typically situated; centrally or peripherally?

Peripherally

10

What is a carcinoid tumour?

Neuroendocrine neoplasm of low grade malignancy

11

How can cancers be staged? (Investigations)

Bronchoscopy
Mediastinotomy
Brain CT
Thorax CT
PET scan