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Year 1 - Respiratory (DP) > Clinical Signs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical Signs Deck (11):
0

What is a CO2 flap?

Irregular hand flapping when wrist is hyperextended

1

What are Po causes of clubbing?

Bronchial carcinoma
Fibrosing alveolitis
Lung suppuration

2

What is Horners syndrome and what are its symptoms?

Pancoasts tumour
Results in
- Small pupil
- Ptosis
- Enophthalmos
- Unilateral anhidrosis

3

What chest wall deformities might we inspect?

Kyphoscoliosis
Pertussis excavatum
Hyperinflation
Thoracoplasty

4

How does the trachea move in the following:
1. Lung collapse
2. Lung consolidation
3. Tension pneumothorax
4. Effusion

1. Towards collapse
2. Towards consolidation
3. Away from tension
4. Away from effusion

5

What causes lung crepitations?

'Popping open' of closed alveoli due to
- Emphysema
- Chest drain
- Po fibrosis (late inspiration and fine)

6

What does hyper-resonance suggest?

Emphysema
Pneumothorax


7

What does impaired resonance suggest?

Consolidation
Pleural thickening
Raised hemi-diaphragm

8

What percussion sound does pleural effusion cause?

Stony and dull

9

What adjective describes normal breath sounds?

Vesicular

10

What causes a pleural rub?

Pneumonia
Embolus
Viral/Autoimmune pleurisy