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Flashcards in Cinical-Osteogenesis Deck (6)
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1

Where are the growing long bones prone to fracture

Physis

2

When do most physes close at what age

by one year of age

3

How many Salter Harris fracture types are there list them and what do they involve

1: involves just the physis
2:physis and through the metaphysis
3: physis and epiphysis (articular)
4:through the joint and across the physis
5:compression fracture of the physis

4

Why do type 3 and 4 have poorer prognosis than 1 and 2

Articular surfaces involved, must be aligned anatomically or DJD

5

how are compression and traction fractures treated

Compression: immobilization
Traction: immobilize and counteract pull of the attached muscle

6

When does the majority of the physis close? what are the exceptions?

By 1 year of age except the illic a crest (1-2.5 and the pelvic symphysis (5-6) and possibly the head of the humerus