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Flashcards in Q&A Head Deck (376)
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1

What is the groove in the upper lip and between the nostrils?

Philtrum

2

What is everything rostral to the eye?

Muzzle / "snout"

3

What structures surround the opening of the mouth?

Lips

4

What are the flews?

fleshy, hanging lateral part of the upper lip, especially pendulous in some breeds: bloodhound.

5

What is the stop?

Angle of the nose bridge between the eyes; it varies in degree from breed to breed.

6

What are the names for the 2 eyelids?

Upper or superior palpebra, lower or inferior palpebra

7

What is the highest point or summit of the head?

Crown

8

Describe the external ear canal.

Vertical part and then horizontal part to the ear drum.

9

What is the show term for the back part of the head or skull (i.e., the external occipital protuberance)?

Occiput

10

What is the show term for the cranial portion of the neck?

Throat

11

What is the show term for the top line of the neck?

Crest

12

What does the occipital bone form?

Caudal cranial cavity and caudal skull

13

What forms the lateral face, part of the hard palate and holds the upper cheek teeth?

Maxillary bone or maxilla

14

What bone forms the rostral wall of the cranial cavity?

Ethmoid Bone

15

How does the spinal cord enter the cranial cavity?

Foramen magnum (occipital bone)

16

The facial part of the skull houses what 2 cavities?

nasal and oral

17

What are the 3 types of canine skulls?

Mesaticephalic (average), Dolicephalic (long face), and Brachycephalic (short face)

18

What suspends the larynx and tongue from the skull?

Hyoid apparatus

19

What unpaired hyoid bone is palpable and prominent in lateral radiographs?

Basihyoid bone

20

What bony arch forms the lateral side of the bony orbit?

Zygomatic arch

21

What is the name of the bony socket that holds the eye?

Orbit

22

What hard structure is formed by the horizontal parts of the incisive, palatine, and maxillary bones?

Hard palate

23

What foramen is located on the maxillary part of the skull?

Infraorbital foramen

24

What is the rostral opening of the mandibular part of the skull?

Mental foramen

25

WHat is the smooth bulbous enlargement on the ventral surface of the temporal bone housing the middle ear?

Tympanic bulla/ middle ear

26

What scrolls of bone fill the nasal cavity?

Nasal conchae

27

What is the large opening caudal to the zygomatic arch where the external ear attaches?

External acoustic meatus

28

What cavity contains the brain, its meninges, and blood vessels?

Cranial cavity/vault, neurocranium, calvarium

29

What is the median protuberance of the caudal skull?

External Occipital Protuberance

30

What extends rostrally from the external occipital protuberance?

External Sagittal Crest