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Flashcards in Clinical/ Applied Anatomy Deck (67)
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1

What is the location of most fractures of the humerus

Shaft (diaphysis)

2

What hinders the retraction of median nerve and brachial artery during surgery in the cat

They pass through the supracondylar foramen

3

What can cause premature closer of a growth plate

Injury to physis (growth plate)

4

What happens if there is premature closure of the distal ulnar physis

Cranial and medial curvature of the radius carpal valgus, and subluxation of elbow

5

What type of fracture often occurs in the radius and ulna

Open

6

How are simple fractures of the radius and ulna treated

with external cast

7

how are olecranon fractures treated and why

requires tension band appliance ( 2 IM pins and a figure 8 wire) to counteract the pull of the triceps brachii muscle

8

What is the first thing you should think about when treating trochlear notch fractures

need exact anatomical reduction

9

What is the "quick" that bleeds if a horny claw is cut too short

Artery in the dermis over the ungual process

10

how is cutting the Quick prevented when trimming pigmented and unpigmented claws

Unpigmented: don't cut into visible pink cone
pigmented: Shave off layers until the white area is reached then use the first to judge the rest

11

What must be removed in a declaw to prevent regrowth

Ungual crest

12

What two methods of declawing ensure removal of the ungual crest

Remove all to P3, or all ungual crest but the base/ flexor process of P3

13

How is a declaw operation preformed

Guillotine nail clipper: blade in dorsal distal interphalangeal joint and other distal to digital pad

14

What is sequestrum

Piece of dead bone

15

When is it best to remove dewclaws in dogs

in neonate

16

Briefly describe how a dewclaw is removed in a neonate

Prep, cut dewclaw from metatarsal bones, single absorbable suture

17

What can be mistaken for a chip fracture in a carpal radiograph

Sesamoid bone of the oblique carpal extensor tendon

18

what, if damaged causes lunation or subluxation of the carpal joint

Rapture of the palmar carpal ligament and the joint capsule

19

what is the term for extra digits, common in cats

polydactyly

20

What is an unhealed fracture, having all the structures of a synovial joint

False joint

21

What is an articular separation called

Luxation, subluxation, or dislocation

22

What is the most common site for osteochondrosis

Shoulder- head of the humerus

23

With what does the shoulder joint communicate in the canine

intertubercular bursa

24

What helps prevent lunation in the shoulder

thickening of joint capsule and adjacent muscles

25

Why is lateral lunation more likely in the dogs elbow

lateral epicondyle is smaller than the medial

26

Define ununited anconeal process

Failure of the anconeal process to unite with the ulna after 6 months of age

27

When does the anconeal process unite in German Shepherds

by 6 months

28

What can be fragmented medial coronoid process cause

degeneration of elbow joint

29

What muscle is incised to open the elbow joint laterally

Anconeus

30

How do you determine unilateral atrophy of shoulder muscles

Compare muscles on both side by palpation