Classic Labs/Findings II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classic Labs/Findings II Deck (29):
1

Electrical alternans (alternating amplitude on EKG)

Pericardial tamponade

2

Enlarged cells with intranuclear inclusion bodies

"Owl eye" appearance of CMV

3

Enlarged thyroid cells with ground-glass nuclei with central clearing

"Orphan Annie" eyes nuclei (papillary carcinoma of the thyroid)

4

Eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusion in liver cell

Mallory body (alcoholic liver disease)

5

Eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusion in nerve cell

Lewy body (Parkinson disease)

6

Eosinophilic globule in liver

Councilman body (viral hepatitis, yellow fever), represents hepatocyte undergoing apoptosis

7

Extracellular amyloid deposition in gray matter of brain

Senile plaques (Alzheimer disease)

8

Giant B cells with bilobed nuclei with prominent inclusions ("owl's eye")

Reed Sternberg Cells (Hodgkin's lymphoma)

9

Glomerulus like structure surrounding vessel in germ cells

Schiller Duval bodies (yolk sac tumor)

10

Hair on end (Crew-cut) appearance on x-ray

ß-thalassemia, sickle cell disease (marrow expansion)

11

hCG elevated

Choriocarcinoma, hydatiform mole (occurs with and without embry, and multiple pregnancy)

12

Heterophile antibodies

Infectious mononucleosis (EBV)

13

Heart nodules (granulomatous)

Aschoff bodies (rheumatic fever)

14

Hexagonal, double-pointed, needle-like crystals in bronchial secretions

Bronchial asthma (Charcot-Leyden crystals: eosinophilic granules)

15

High-level of D-dimers

DVT, PE, DIC

16

Hilar lymphadenopathy, peripheral granulomatous lesion in middle or lower lung lobes (can calcify)

Ghon complex (1° TB: Mycobacterium bacilli)

17

"Honeycomb lung" on x-ray or CT

Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis

18

Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVT's and vasculitis)

Trousseau syndrome (adenocarcinoma of pancreas or lung)

19

Hypersegmented neutrophils

Megaloblastic anemia (B12 deficiency: neurlogic symptoms; folate deficiency: no neurological symptoms)

20

Hypertension, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis

Conn syndrome (primary hyperaldosteronism)

21

Hypochromic, microcytic anemia

Iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning, thalassemia (fetal hemoglobin sometimes present)

22

Increased AFP in amniotic fluid/maternal serum

Dating error, anencephaly, spina bifida (neural tube defects)

23

Increased uric acid levels

Gout, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, tumor lysis syndrome, loop and thiazide diuretics

24

Intranuclear eosinophilic droplet-like bodies

Cowdry type A bodies (HSV or VZV)

25

Iron-containing nodules in alveolar septum

Ferruginous bodies (asbestosis: increased chance of mesothelioma)

26

Keratin pearls on skin biopsy

Squamous cell carcinoma

27

Large granules in phagocytes, immunodeficiency

Chediak-Higashi disease (congenital failure of phagolysosome formation)

28

"Lead pipe" appearance of colon on abdominal imaging

Ulcerative colitis (loss of haustra)

29

Linear appearance of IgG deposition on glomerular and alveolar basement membranes

Goodpasture syndrome