Classic Presentations I Flashcards Preview

First Aid Rapid Review KAM > Classic Presentations I > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic Presentations I Deck (27):
1

Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly

Budd Chiari syndrome (posthepatic venous thrombosis)

2

Abdominal pain, diarrhea, leukocytosis, recent antibiotic use

C. diff infection

3

Achilles tendon xanthoma

Familial hypercholesterolemia (decreased LDL receptor signaling)

4

Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome (meningococcemia)

5

Anaphylaxis following blood transfusion

IgA deficiency

6

Anterior drawer sign positive

ACL injury

7

Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints

Marfan syndrome (fibrillin defect)

8

Athlete with polycythemia

Secondary to erythropoietin injection

9

Back pain, fever, night sweats

Pott Disease (Vertebral TB)

10

Bilateral acoustic schwannomas

Neurofibromatosis type 2

11

Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis

Sarcoidosis (noncaseating granulomas)

12

Black eschar on face of patinet with diabetic ketoacidosis

Mucor or Rhizopus fungal infection

13

Blue sclera

Osteogenesis imperfecta (type I collagen defect)

14

Bluish line on gingiva

Burton line (lead poisoning)

15

Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis

Paget disease of bone (increased osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity)

16

Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing

Aortic regurgitation

17

Butterfly facial rash and Raynaud phenomenon in a young female

SLE

18

Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma), cutaneous neurofibromas, pheochromocytomas, optic gliomas

Neurofibromatosis type I, Pheochromocytoma, optic gliomas

19

Calf pseudohypertrophy

Muscular dystrophy (Most commonly Duchenne, due to X linked recessive frameshift mutation of dystrophin gene)

20

Cervical lymphadenopathy, desquamating rash, coronary aneurysms, red conjunctivae and tongue

Kawasaki disease (treat with IVIG and aspirin)

21

Chest pain on exertion

Angina (stable: With moderate exertion; unstable: with minimal exertion or at rest)

22

Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI

Dressler syndrome (autoimmune mediated post-MI fibrinous pericarditis, 2-12 weeks after acute episode)

23

Chest pain with ST depressions on EKG

Unstable angina (troponins neg) or NSTEMI (Troponins pos)

24

Child uses arms to stand up from squat

Gowers sign (Duchenne muscular dystrophy)

25

Child with fever later develops red rash on face that spreads to the rest of the body

"Slapped cheeks" (erythema infectiosum/fifth disease: Parvovirus B19)

26

Chorea, dementia, caudate degenration

Huntington disease (autosomal dominant CAG repeat expansion)

27

Chorioretinitis, hydrocephalus, intracranial calcifications

Congenital toxoplasmosis