Classic Presentations V Flashcards Preview

First Aid Rapid Review KAM > Classic Presentations V > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic Presentations V Deck (19):
1

Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with blue-white centers

Koplik spots (measles, rubeola virus)

2

Smooth, moist, painless, wart-like white lesions on genitals

Condylomata lata (2° syphilis)

3

Splinter hemorrhages in feingernails

Bacterial endocarditis

4

Strawberry tongue

Scarlet fever, Kawasaki disease

5

Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth, short stature, webbed neck, lympedema

Turner syndrome (45, XO)

6

Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi

Gout/odagra (hyperuricemia)

7

Swollen gums, mucosal bleeding, poor wound healing, petechiae

Scurvy (vitamin C deficiency: Can't hydroxylate proline/lysine for collagen synthesis)

8

Swollen, hard, painful finger joints

Osteoarthritis (osteophytes on PIP [Bouchard nodes], DIP [Heberden nodes])

9

Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)

Aortic stenosis

10

Telangiectasias, recurrent epistaxis, skin discoloration, arteriovenous malformations, GI bleeding, hematuria

Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome

11

Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma

MEN2A (Autosomal dominant RET mutation)

12

Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromatosis

MEN2B (autosomal dominant RET mutation)

13

Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape

Babinski sign (UMN Lesion)

14

Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead

LMN facial nerve (CN VII) palsy; UMN lesions spare the forehead

15

Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male

Reactive arthritis associated with HLA-B27

16

Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain) on face

Nevus Flammeus (benign, but associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome)

17

Vomiting blood following Gastroesophageal lacerations

Mallory-Weiss syndrome (alcoholic and bulimic patients)

18

Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy

Whipple disease (Tropheryma whipplei)

19

"Worst headache of my life."

Subarachnoid hemorrhage