Classic/Relevant Treatments III Flashcards Preview

First Aid Rapid Review KAM > Classic/Relevant Treatments III > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic/Relevant Treatments III Deck (31):
1

Neural tube defect prevention

Prenatal folic acid

2

Osteomalacia/rickets

Vitamin D supplementation

3

Osteoporosis

Calcium/vitamin D supplementation (prophylaxis)
Bisphosphonates, PTH analogs, SERMs, calcitonin, denosumab

4

Patent ductus arteriosus

Close: Indomethacin
Open: PGE analogue

5

Pheochromocytoma

Alpha antagonists (phenoxybenzamine)

6

Pneumocystis jirovecci

TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS patient)

7

Prolactinoma

Cabergoline/bromocriptine

8

Prostate adenocarcinoma/uterine fibroids

Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)

9

Prostate adenocarcinoma

Flutamide

10

Pseudomonoas aeruginosa

Antipseudomonal penicillins, aminoglycosides, carbapenems

11

Pulmonary and arterial hypertension

Sildenafil, bosentan, epoprostenol

12

Rickettsia rickettisii

Doxycycline, chloramphenicol

13

Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)

Atypical antipsychotics

14

Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)

Typical and atypical antipsychotics

15

SIADH

Fluid restriction
IV hypertonic aline
Conivaptan/tolvaptan
Demeclocycline

16

Sickle cell disease

Hydroxyurea (increase fetal hemoglobin)

17

Sporothrix schenckii

Itraconazole, oral KI

18

Stable angina

Sublingual nitroglycerin

19

Staphylococcus aureus

MSSA: Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin (antiphyloccal penicillins)
MRSA: Vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid, ceftaroline

20

Streptococcus bovis

Penicillin prophylaxis
Evaluation for colon cancer

21

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia)
Vancomycin (meningitis)

22

Strep pogenes

Penicillin prophylaxis

23

temporal arteritis

High dose steroids

24

Tonic-clonic seizures

Levetiracetam, phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine

25

Toxoplasma gondii

Sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine

26

Teponella pallidum

Penicillin G

27

Trichomonas vaginalis

Metronidazole (patient and partner)

28

Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux)

Carbamazepine

29

Ulcerative colitis

5-ASA preparations (mesalamine)
6-mercaptopurine
Infliximab
Colectomy

30

UTI prophylaxis

TMPSMX

31

Warfarin reversal

Fresh frozen plasma (acute), Vitamin K (chronic