Classic Presentations Flashcards Preview

Boards > Classic Presentations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Classic Presentations Deck (126)
Loading flashcards...
1

abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly

Budd-Chiari syndrome (posthepatic venous thrombosis)

2

abdominal pain, diarrhea, leukocytosis, recent antibiotic use

Clostridium difficile infection

3

Achilles tendon xanthoma

familial hypercholesterolemia (decreased LDL receptor signaling)

4

adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome (meningococcemia)

5

anaphylaxis following blood transfusion

IgA deficiency

6

anterior "drawer sign" positive

anterior cruciate ligament injury

7

arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints

Marfan syndrome (fibrillin defect)

8

athlete w/ polycythemia

secondary to EPO injection

9

back pain, fever, night sweats

Pott dz (vertebral TB)

10

b/l acoustic schwannomas

neurofibromatosis type II

11

b/l hilar lymphadenopathy, uveitis

sarcoidosis (noncaseating granulomas)

12

black eschar on face of pt w/ DKA

Mucor or Rhizopus fungal infection

13

blue sclera

osteogenesis imperfecta (type I collagen defect)

14

bluish line on gingiva

Burton line (lead poisoning)

15

bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis

Paget dz of bone (increased osteoblastic and osteoclastic activity)

16

bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing

aortic regurgitation

17

"butterfly" facial rash and Raynaud phenomenon in a young female

SLE

18

cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma), cutaneous neurofibromas, pheochromocytomas, optic gliomas

neurofibromatosis type I, pheochromocytoma, optic gliomas

19

cafe-au-lait spots (u/l), polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty, multiple endocrine abnormalities

McCune-Albright syndrome (mosaic G-protein signaling mutation)

20

calf pseudohypertrophy

muscular dystrophy (most commonly Duchenne, d/t XR frameshift mutation of dystrophin gene)

21

cervical lymphadenopathy, desquamating rash, coronary aneurysms, red conjunctivae and tongue

Kawasaki dz (tx w/ IVIG and ASA)

22

"cherry-red spots" on macula

Tay-Sachs (ganglioside accumulation), Niemann-Pick (sphingomyelin accumulation), or central retinal artery occlusion

23

chest pain on exertion

angina (stable: w/ moderate exertion; unstable: w/ minimal exertion or at rest)

24

chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI

Dressler syndrome (autoimmune-mediated post-MI fibrinous pericarditis, 2-12 weeks after acute episode)

25

chest pain w/ ST depressions on EKG

unstable angina (troponins -) or NSTEMI (troponins +)

26

child uses arms to stand up from squat

Gowers sign (Duchenne muscular dystrophy)

27

chorea, dementa, caudate degeneration

Huntington dz (AD CAG repeat expansion)

28

chorioretinitis, hydrocephalus, intracranial calcifications

congenital toxoplasmosis

29

chronic exercise intolerance w/ myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria

McArdle dz (skeletal muscle glycogen phosphorylase deficiency)

30

cold intolerance

hypothyroidism